By Horst Böhm, Klaus-Detlef Closs, Klaus Kühn (auth.), Jeffery Lewins, Martin Becker (eds.)
The Editors get pleasure from proposing quantity thirteen of this annual evaluation sequence, consisting, as traditional, of writer itative reports of well timed advancements within the technical fields of nuclear engineering, technology, and teechnology. nobody in the neighborhood we attempt to serve in a publish Harrisburg period will want convincing of the relevance of the 1st goods to be pointed out from the quantity. Instru mentation for two-phase movement measurements, by means of Banerjee and Lahey, has applicability within the engineering examine hard work atory and to strength reactors; the U. S. LWR nonetheless is still the dominant strength reactor style and turns out prone to hold its carry if basically throughout the capital of latest vegetation this century. Messrs. Bohm, Closs, and Kuhn, in spite of the fact that, have an extended time scale to recognize as they view for us the clients of nuclear waste disposal from a eu perspective. they create out properly the political facets that can't be divorced from technical concerns during this region, or within the extra militant phrases of war of words, during this area, might be. we're happy to hold during this quantity complemen tary papers on mathematical tools in nuclear engineering.
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RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL B. 35 European Corrununity As mentioned earlier, there are no specific plans within the European Corrununity to design a joint repository for radioactive waste. However, it must be regarded as an enormous step forward that six countries of the corrununity, working under the coordination by the Corrunission, have been engaged in a harmonized research and development program for the disposal of radioactive waste since 1976. Although this program is carried out with the financial participation of the Corrunission within the national framework of the member countries, the member countries have agreed to make available their results, both to the Co~ission and to the other EC members.
However, it is doubtful whether the whole range of nuclides contained in high-level waste solutions could be fixed with the same degree of stability in such synthetic minerals (35). The small number of non-radioactive studies available so far are not sufficient for final assessment to show whether the method would indeed be better suited for the solidification of the high-level fission product solutions than vitrification. other concepts of the safe disposal of radioactive waste are based on the consideration also that the containers surrounding conditioned waste should constitute a long-term barrier.
The waste situation in Czechoslovakia is similar. Since 1963, a former limestone mine has been used as a repository for low and intermediate level wastes (67). In Switzerland, the "Nationale Genossenschaft fur die Lagerung radioaktiver Abfalle (NAGRA)" (National Cooperative for Radioactive Waste Disposal) runs an extensive research and development program on the disposal of radioactive waste (68). Four potential geologic formations are studied for the purpose of disposal: anhydrite, shale, rock salt and crystalline.