By T. H. E. Chambers, M. J. Whitmarsh-Everiss (auth.), Jeffery Lewins, Martin Becker (eds.)

This quantity represents the second one of our occasional departures from the layout of an annual evaluate sequence, being dedicated to one coherent subject. we have now the excitement for that reason in providing a concerted series of articles at the use of Simulators for Nuclear strength. an important characteristic of a quantified engineer in any self-discipline is so one can version and are expecting, i.e. to research, the behaviour of the topic less than scrutiny. Simulation is going, one might argue, a step additional. The engineer offering a simulator takes a broader view of the procedure studied and makes the research on hand to a much wider viewers. for that reason simulation can have a component to play in layout but additionally in operation, in twist of fate reviews and likewise in education. It ends up in synthesis in addition to research. there's no doubt that the big scale and the commercial funding implied in nuclear strength programmes calls for an elevated infra-structure in licensing and coaching in addition to in layout and operation. The simulator is an inexpensive regulate­ local - admittedly affordable simply in relative phrases - but in addition probably a vital approach to offering life like event with negligible or at the least small probability. Nuclear strength for this reason has resulted in quite a lot of simulators. even as we might now not forget the sub­ stantial function performed by means of simulators in say the aero-industry; certainly the ergonomic and mental reports linked to that carry many lessons.

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A METHODOLOGY FOR THE DESIGN OF PLANT ANAL YSERS 13 TABLE 3 PLANT TRAINING SIMULATORS DESIGNED FOR IN-HOUSE USE OR UNDER CONTRACT BY THE CEGB 1. 2. Conventional Plant Simulators for in-house training (a) North East Region of CEGB Mark 1 training simulator. Generic 500 MW coal/oil fired analogue simulator. Commissioned in 1971. Engineered by NER CEGB. (b) North East Region of CEGB Mark II training simulator. Generic 660 MW coal fired or oil fired analogue/digital simulator. Commissioned in 1975.

It should also be noted that these models were developed in PMSP and use a specialised real time integration algorithm developed in the Board. The flexibility of this approach is such that models can be sophisticated as the speed of the main frame computers allows. Compared to models developed for purely design purposes, the training simulators required detailed models of all the mechanical and electrical auxiliary and support systems. Such systems are likely to play an ever increasing part in the more elaborate analysis of fault and operational procedures, the likely application of a plant analyser.

The Sizewell 'B' PWR simulator is currently in the planning phase. In addition to the above the CEGB has given considerable modelling support to the SSEB in the context of their procurement of the Hunterston 'B'/Torness simulator from Marconi Instruments. The above historical resume is detailed in Table 3. It should be noted that the digital nuclear simulators conserve the concept of the simulator software being upward compatible in the main frame computing architectures. The Oldbury Nuclear Power Training Centre in Avon is connected into the main frame computer system at the Computing Bureau in London and utilises the particular computer configuration available at a given point in time, see Section 3.

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