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Extra resources for An Introduction to Nuclear Materials: Fundamentals and Applications
3 Dimensional Stability The material should have adequate stability in properties. For example, many nuclear components would work at higher temperatures for extended period of time. , time-dependent plastic deformation) may cause dimensional stability problems. One should also recognize that the microstructure of a material changes as a function of temperature, time, and stresses. So, the effects of these factors on microstructure and the consequent effects on the properties need to be taken into account carefully.
4 Ma, B. (1983) Nuclear Reactor Materials and Applications, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York. L. (2005) Elevated temperature 7 Hinds, D. and Maslak, C. (January 2006) ferritic and martensitic steels and their application to future nuclear reactors. International Materials Review, 50 (5), 287–310. M. (2009) The Advanced Test Reactor Capabilities Overview, ATR User Facilities Workshop, Idaho Falls, ID. Next Generation Nuclear Energy: The ESBWR, Nuclear News, pp. 35–40. 8 Charit, I. L. (2008) Structural materials for Gen-IV nuclear reactors: challenges and opportunities.
Brief discussions on these properties have been made in the following sections. Some of these properties will be again elaborated in the subsequent chapters. 1 General Mechanical Properties Important general mechanical properties include tensile strength, ductility, and toughness. The material should be strong enough to bear the loads of the structure and also sustain any internal or external stresses generated during service. Also, the material should have enough ductility (a measure of percentage elongation or reduction in area in standard tensile specimens) to avoid any catastrophic failure.