By Zeynep Yürekli
In line with an intensive exam of structures, inscriptions, archival files and hagiographies, this e-book uncovers the political value of Bektashi shrines within the Ottoman imperial age. It hence offers a clean and complete account of the formative technique of the Bektashi order, which began as a community of social teams that took factor with Ottoman imperial guidelines within the overdue 15th century, was once counseled imperially as a part of Bayezid II's (r. 1481-1512) gentle energy coverage, and stored below fee via imperial experts because the Ottoman method of the Safavid clash hardened in the course of the remainder of the 16th century. This ebook demonstrates that it was once a mix of 2 collective actions that tested the first parameters of Bektashi tradition from the past due 15th century onwards. One used to be the writing of Bektashi hagiographies; they associated hitherto unique social teams (such as wandering dervishes and warriors) with one another in the course of the lives of historic figures who have been their identification markers (such because the saint Hac Bektas and the martyr Seyyid Gazi), whereas incorporating them into Ottoman heritage in artistic methods. the opposite one was once the architectural remodelling of the saints' shrines. when it comes to kind, imagery and content material, this interrelated literary and architectural output unearths a classy technique of negotiation with the imperial order and its cultural paradigms. tested in additional aspect within the e-book are the shrines of Seyyid Gazi and Hac Bektas and linked legends and hagiographies. even though confirmed as self sustaining associations in medieval Anatolia, they have been joined within the rising Bektashi community below the Ottomans, turned its vital centres and underwent radical architectural transformation, regularly lower than the patronage of raider commanders established within the Balkans. They hence got here to occupy an middleman socio-political area among the Ottoman empire and its contestants within the 16th century.
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Extra resources for Architecture and Hagiography in the Ottoman Empire: The Politics of Bektashi Shrines in the Classical Age
42 May Farhat, Islamic Piety and Dynastic Legitimacy: The Case of the Shrine of ʿAlī b. Mūsā al-Riḍā, PhD thesis, Harvard University, 2002; Kishwar Rizvi, The Safavid Dynastic Shrine: Architecture, Religion and Power in Early Modern Iran (London and New York, 2010); Kishwar Rizvi, ‘The Imperial Setting: Shah ʿAbbās at the Safavid shrine of Shaykh Ṣafī in Ardabil’, in Sheila R. ), Safavid Art and Architecture (London, 2002), pp. 9–15; Kishwar Rizvi, ‘ ‘Its Mortar Mixed with the Sweetness of Life’: Architecture and Ceremonial at the Shrine of Ṣafī al-dīn Isḥāq Ardabīlī During the Reign of Shāh Ṭahmāsb I’, The Muslim World, 90 (2000): pp.
Chapter 3 delineates the architectural transformation of both shrines in the imperial age and examines the possible motives of architectural patrons, while Chapter 4 focuses on the socially and historically defined meaning of the architecture. The two shrines are treated comparatively with respect to what their distinguishing elements meant to pre-modern patrons, builders and users. Their architecture is seen against the background of the ‘classical Ottoman’ architectural idiom, emphasizing links to extra-Ottoman (or not merely Ottoman) traditions.
465–85; Stanley E. : The Authority of Interpretive Communities (Cambridge, MA and London, 1980). 79 Godfrey Goodwin, A History of Ottoman Architecture (London, 1971), pp. 181–3. This page has been left blank intentionally 1 The Bektashis, their Shrines and the Ottomans Before we turn to look at ‘architecture and hagiography’ as the title of this book promises, I must delineate the historical framework within which I want to show the buildings and texts. For without this framework, there would be little point in treating them in the same volume.