By Peter R. Lavoy

The 1999 clash among India and Pakistan close to town of Kargil in contested Kashmir was once the 1st army conflict among nuclear-armed powers because the 1969 Sino-Soviet battle. Kargil was once a landmark occasion no longer due to its period or casualties, yet since it contained a really genuine possibility of nuclear escalation. until eventually the Kargil clash, educational and coverage debates over nuclear deterrence and proliferation happened mostly at the theoretical point. This deep research of the clash bargains students and policymakers an extraordinary account of the way nuclear-armed states have interaction in the course of army trouble. Written by way of analysts from India, Pakistan, and the us, this special e-book attracts largely on basic assets, together with exceptional entry to Indian, Pakistani, and U.S. govt officers and army officials who have been actively excited by the clash. this can be the 1st rigorous and goal account of the reasons, behavior, and results of the Kargil clash.

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After this tense military standoff, the Indian army added a new strategic component – called Cold Start – to its limited-war doctrine. Because India’s military mobilization in 2001–2002 was so slow that Pakistan had plenty of time to countermobilize and allow international diplomacy to intervene, the Cold Start concept was devised to enable India to strike promptly and decisively in response to a triggering event without waiting for a larger mobilization and or diplomatic intervention. The Kargil conflict in context This introduction and the following fourteen chapters explain how and why Pakistan and India started, fought, and terminated the 1999 Kargil conflict; the impact this event has had on the political, social, and military life of each country; the influence of outside powers, especially the Introduction: the importance of the Kargil conflict 15 United States; and the lessons learned, or – more ominously – not learned, by key groups within the Indian and Pakistani governments, armed forces, and societies.

Intensifying regional misunderstanding, antipathy, and security dilemma are the seemingly indelible images each side holds about itself and about the other. ) Mahmud Ahmed, interview with the author, 16 January 2003. Cheema describes the various indicators of possible Indian offensive military action in chapter 2 of this book. See also Musharraf, In the Line of Fire, 90; and Mazari, The Kargil Conflict 1999, 29–32. Mahmud Ahmed interview, 16 January 2003. 28 Peter R. Lavoy more just and the more aggrieved party in their enduring rivalry.

Civilian clothing and radio transmissions in Balti and Pashtu languages were a deliberate part of a larger Pakistani strategy to create the impression that the intruding forces were jehadi militants, thus enabling the Pakistan army to retain surprise and secrecy for as long as possible. Troops in mufti also provided an element of deniability when surprise was lost, allowing Pakistani officials to disown the operation even after the militants withdrew back across the LoC. Pakistan’s military planners maintained strict secrecy about the Kargil plan, and excluded other parts of the government, including the navy, air force, and the Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate (ISID), from the decision-making loop.

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