By John S. Haller Jr.
In this primary heritage of the army ambulance, historian John S. Haller Jr. records the improvement of scientific applied sciences for treating and transporting wounded infantrymen at the battlefield. Noting that the note ambulance has been used to consult either a cellular clinical help process and a method of delivery, Haller takes readers again to the origins of the fashionable ambulance, masking their evolution intensive from the past due eighteenth century via global struggle I.
The emerging nationalism, financial and imperial pageant, and armed forces alliances and palms races of the 19th and early 20th centuries determine prominently during this heritage of the army ambulance, which focuses usually on British and American technological developments. starting with alterations brought through Dominique-Jean Larrey in the course of the Napoleonic Wars, the publication strains the organizational and technological demanding situations confronted through opposing armies within the Crimean warfare, the yankee Civil battle, the Franco-Prussian warfare, and the Philippines riot, then climaxes with the ditch battle that outlined international conflict I. The operative notice is "challenges" of treatment and evacuation simply because whereas a few issues discovered in a clash are carried into the subsequent, too usually, the spasms of struggle strength its contributors to copy the error of the previous earlier than buying a lot wanted insight.
More than a heritage of scientific evacuation structures and cars, this exhaustively researched and richly illustrated quantity tells a desirable tale, giving readers a special standpoint of the altering nature of war within the 19th and early 20th centuries.
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Additional resources for Battlefield Medicine: A History of the Military Ambulance from the Napoleonic Wars Through World War I
The flying detach- Beginnings ofa System 17 ment prevented soldiers from leaving ranks to carry their wounded comrades to safer positions in the rear, a situation that all too frequently became an excuse to avoid battle. 26 A second line of support came in a sheltered position near the engagement, where five medical officers, an apothecary, and ten attendants received the wounded. Four ambulance wagons for severely wounded, a medicine and bandage wagon, and a reserve wagon supported this section.
Louis became the headquarters of the military's Department of the West, and during the summer of 1861, following the battles of Boonville, Dug Spring, Carthage, and Wilson's Creek, wounded were transported to the city in ambulances, army wagons, and railroad cars. There, their plight aroused the sympathies of benevolent citizens. Dorothea Dix, who was in St. Louis at the time, called upon Major General John C. " At the suggestion of Unitarian minister William Greenleaf Eliot, businessmen James Erwin Yeatman and C.
Key supporters of the commission included Alexander D. ; Samuel G. ; and W. H. 47 Sanitary Commission General Secretary Frederick Law Olmstead (1822-1903) supervised its day-to-day operation and organized "sanitary fairs" in the major cities of the North to support its work. Providing advice, as well as material aid, to the Medical Department (which Olmstead found particularly inept) and exposing negligence and incompetence wherever found, commission workers forced the government and the military to accept greater responsibility for the sick and wounded.