By Emily Erikson

The English East India corporation was once some of the most robust and enduring companies in background. among Monopoly and loose exchange locates the resource of that luck within the leading edge coverage through which the Company’s court docket of administrators granted staff the ideal to pursue their very own advertisement pursuits whereas within the firm’s hire. Exploring alternate community dynamics, decision-making approaches, and ports and organizational context, Emily Erikson demonstrates why the English East India corporation used to be a dominant strength within the growth of exchange among Europe and Asia, and he or she sheds mild at the similar difficulties of why England skilled quick financial improvement and the way the connection among Europe and Asia shifted within the eighteenth and 19th centuries. notwithstanding the corporate held a monopoly on English in another country exchange to Asia, the courtroom of administrators prolonged the precise to exchange in Asia to their staff, developing an strange scenario during which staff labored either for themselves and for the corporate as in another country retailers. development at the organizational infrastructure of the corporate and the delicate advertisement associations of the markets of the East, staff developed a cohesive inner community of peer communications that directed English buying and selling ships in the course of their voyages. This community built-in corporation operations, inspired innovation, and elevated the Company’s flexibility, adaptability, and responsiveness to neighborhood situation. among Monopoly and unfastened alternate highlights the dynamic capability of social networks within the early sleek period.

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Extra info for Between Monopoly and Free Trade: The English East India Company, 1600-1757

Sample text

The broader perspective reveals systemic network effects that could not have been pieced out or observed at the level of individual ports of call. Theoretical Framework There were two novel aspects to the English East India Company. It was one of the very first large and bureaucratic commercial organizations. In this sense, the Company was novel in that it was more centralized than previous forms of early modern commercial organization, such as partnerships or joint ventures. However, it also had extremely high levels of employee autonomy, indicating that it was more decentralized than other similar joint-­stock companies.

To further complicate its role, the Company prefigured organizational forms that were not widely adopted until the twentieth century. Thus, the Company seems to have both contributed to many of the changes we associate with the transition to modernity and at other times impeded that change, as when it sided with James II in the Glorious Revolution, and in addition it offers a vision of a path not taken—­in terms of networked organizations, multinational business forms, or sovereign corporations.

Smuggling goods into England cut into Company profits by creating an alternative supply in England. The country trade of the employees hurt the Company in different ways. Some embezzled Company monies to fund their own trade (Furber 1965: 29). Private trade buyers were also usually in competition with the Company in Asian ports—­with the private traders representing both parties. This situation usually led to higher prices and lower quality goods for the Company. Nevertheless most historians now agree that England’s fortunes in the East were closely tied to the rise of the private trade.

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