By John Freely
The as soon as fabulous, now ruined, towns that cluster alongside the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts of Turkey are reminders of a civilization that produced the 1st Hellenic enlightenment, giving start to Homer, Herodotus, and the 1st philosophers of nature. John Freely brings this really good civilization to existence as he recounts the epic tragedy of the Greeks in Anatolia, beginning with the Trojan struggle and culminating with the interval after the Turkish struggle of Independence. For heritage buffs, tourists, and someone attracted to Greek tradition, Freely’s firsthand event of this tradition and quarter coupled together with his ardour for storytelling are a successful blend.
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Extra resources for Children of Achilles: The Greeks in Asia Minor since the Days of Troy
Pausanias writes that Anacreon was ‘the first poet after Sappho of Lesbos to write mostly love poems’. ’ Xenophanes of Colophon was a contemporary of Anacreon, and he too was driven from his home by the Persian invasion, spending the rest of his long life as an exile in Magna Graecia. He became the poet of the Ionic enlightenment in the West, and some of his seminal ideas profoundly influenced the development of natural philosophy in Magna Graecia. Plato conidered him to be the founder of the Eleatic school of philosophy, whose most notable figures were Parmenides and his disciple Zeno.
After his Scythian campaign Darius appointed his half-brother Artaphernes as satrap in Sardis. As acting-governor of Miletus he appointed the Milesian aristocrat Aristagoras, whose cousin and brotherin-law Histaios, the former governor, Darius took with him to the Persian capital at Sousa as an advisor. By that time Persian rule had become extremely onerous in Ionia, and during the remaining years of the sixth century BC it became even more unpopular, particularly in Miletus. Thus in 500 BC Aristagoras decided to cast off the Persian yoke, prompted by a secret message he had received from Histaios urging him to revolt.
This is traditionally taken to be the beginning of the archaic period, which lasted from the mid-eighth century BC to the end of the Persian Wars in 479 BC. Opinions vary about whether the two epics were composed by the same poet, and it has been suggested that ‘Homer’ is really the personification of a succession of bards, who passed down the story of the Trojan War and its aftermath through the centuries of the Dark Ages to the dawn of the Greek renaissance. Odysseus, in Book VIII of the Odyssey, pays tribute to such a bard in the palace of King Alkinoös.