By Scott Thornbury, Diana Slade
This ebook presents a accomplished account of dialog in English and its implications for the ELT school room. After a common evaluation and definition of dialog it presents the reader with a scientific description of conversational English, from the vocabulary of dialog, to grammar, discourse and style. this can be by way of an educated account of the improvement of dialog in either first and moment language acquisition. It then describes quite a number methodological methods, techniques and methods for instructing dialog in English. in this foundation, an built-in method of the educating of dialog is equipped, in addition to sensible lecture room functions.
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Extra resources for Conversation: From Description to Pedagogy (Cambridge Language Teaching Library)
Some of the stuff that I saw was actually bigger than than a cricket ball, I mean it was like a big huge orange, you know? Mm. But the interesting thing about it was I mean I’ve seen hail before and even big hail and normally it comes down fairly compact and it looks white and it’s got smooth edges but some of the stuff that was coming down last night it . . you could see the crystals and it actually had ragged edges, it wasn’t even smooth, and I just wondered whether that was a particular type of hailstorm that had come over you know and formed differently to others?
In the hailstorm conversation, there is a clear division between two transactions at turns 22 and 23: (22) Grace: [pause] (23) Rob: Mm. So erm they go back to school tomorrow? Rob’s so serves to frame the introduction of a new topic, and the transaction that follows is composed of a number of exchanges about this 33 Characterizing conversation topic, each exchange realized in the form of question-and-answer moves. The fact that exchange structure allows considerable flexibility – more so than, perhaps, sentence grammar allows – is evidenced by the way that the exchanges are interrupted by insertion sequences, as we noted above.
For example, the Australian data comes from a spoken-language corpus called OZTALK, a joint Macquarie University and University of Technology, Sydney, project (referred to hereafter as OZTALK). Among other things, corpora permit the analysis and comparison of word frequency counts across a number of different contexts. For example, a word frequency analysis of the hailstorm text, using a software program, shows that over 85 per cent of the words in the text are in the most frequent 1000 words in English.