By Riccardo Soliani
This ebook explores the connection among fiscal suggestion, proposals for reform of political associations, and civil society within the interval among the increase to strength of Napoleon and the eve of the 1st international warfare in Italy and France – nations with the same cultural and political culture and with own mobility of the highbrow classification. the 1st portion of the publication is dedicated to the fight for identification, justice, and liberty, together with its fiscal dimensions. The relation among political and fiscal freedom and its influence on fairness is then addressed intimately, and the 3rd, concluding part specializes in the highbrow and political clash among the social visions of liberalism and socialism in a few of their numerous types, back with attention of the industrial implications. The comparative nature of the research, mixed with its interdisciplinary method of the historical past of monetary and political notion and social historical past, will let the reader to appreciate extra in actual fact the old evolution of every state and the suitable modern political and monetary issues.
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Additional info for Economic Thought and Institutional Change in France and Italy, 1789–1914: A Comparative Study
E. the need for goods), whose satisfaction may not be separated from the consequences it has on others. e. of complementarity, because their simultaneous realization is a necessary condition for civilization; and of dependence, because the modes of realization of each are subject to the non-interference in the realization of the other two. The relations between industry and agriculture and the preference for either small or large estates are viewed in light of these premises and never in terms of a greater production capacity of one solution over the other.
23 The “man” who shapes up in the ﬁeld is thus different from that which is formed in the factory; in short, he is better suited to promote the process of civilization in its three aspects. One may wonder what kind of agriculture Romagnosi prefers. Maybe the capitalistic, advocated by Gioia, for example, who addresses the old question of whether to prefer small or large estates exclusively in terms of productivity? As has been briefly mentioned, Romagnosi is against big landed estates and rather prefers smaller estates, cultivated directly by the owners.
It is highly in the interest of the State that the number of small land owners multiplies”, he notes, without any concern for possible excessive “land fragmentation”. His ideal society is made of many small farming properties, where, as stated by one of his pupils, “the sense of property rehabilitates the soul, the delectable surge of expectations that make a painful present bearable in view of a future of rest, it warms and improves the mind and heart of the farmer”. In this society, a more evident “equalization of powers” is achieved; further, the process of civilization is fully realized, unlike in the case of industrial societies subject to constant turmoil.