By Scott Gelfand, John R. Shook
This e-book increases many ethical, felony, social, and political, questions with regards to attainable improvement, within the close to destiny, of a synthetic womb for human use. Is ectogenesis ever morally permissible? if this is the case, lower than what conditions? Will ectogenesis improve or decrease women's reproductive rights and/or their monetary possibilities? those are a few of the tough and an important questions this anthology addresses and makes an attempt to respond to. Contents: Acknowledgements Richard T. Hull: Foreword Scott GELFAND: One: advent Peter SINGER and Deane WELLS: : Ectogenesis Julien S. MURPHY: 3: Is being pregnant worthy: Feminist issues approximately Ectogenesis Leslie CANNOLD: 4: ladies, Ectogenesis, and moral idea Rosemarie TONG: 5: Out of physique Gestation:In Whose most sensible pursuits? Gregory PENCE: Six: what is so reliable approximately traditional Motherhood?(In compliment of Unnatural Gestation) Scott GELFAND: Seven: Ectogenesis and the Ethics of Care Maureen SANDER-STAUDT: 8: Of laptop Born? A Feminist evaluation of Ectogenesis and synthetic Wombs Joan WOOLFREY: 9: Ectogenesis: Liberation, Technological Tyranny,or simply extra of a similar? Dien HO: Ten: Leaving humans by myself: Liberalism, Ectogenesis, and the bounds of medication Jennifer BARD: 11: Immaculate Gestation? How Will Ectogenesis switch present Paradigms of Social Relationships and Values? Joyce M. RASKIN and Nadav MAZOR: Twelve: the bogus Womb and Human topic learn John R. SHOOK: 13: Bibliography on Ectogenesis in regards to the Editors and participants Index
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Additional resources for Ectogenesis: Artificial Womb Technology and the Future of Human Reproduction (Value Inquiry Book Series 184)
The resulting offspring had been normal; and while species do vary, there was no reason to think humans and cattle would be different in this respect. Further evidence was provided by laboratory observation of human embryos fertilized outside the body and kept alive in culture for a day or two. Several scientists regarded this as sufficient basis for going ahead with IVF in humans, although they were criticized for so doing by bioethicists like Leon Kass and Paul Ramsey. The problem with ectogenesis is that any work 22 PETER SINGER AND DEANE WELLS done with nonhuman animals will be less readily applicable to humans than it was in the case of IVF.
The proposal we are now considering, however, could do violence to basic attitudes that are more specific and also more fundamental. For reasons that are to be found in our evolution as mammals bearing infants dependent on their parents for a long Ectogenesis 25 period, our attitude of care and protection to infants goes very deep. For normal adults, these feelings are an instinctive response to the appearance and behavior of a baby. ) These feelings are likely to be evoked by the sight of a newborn baby even if we know the baby is incapable of feeling anything.
In fact ectogenesis will certainly not take place in anything as simple as a test tube, but the parallel is nevertheless far closer than it was in the simpler case of IVF. Ectogenesis would make it technically possible to mass-produce babies in the manner Aldous Huxley describes in Brave New World. For this reason, some will say, we should not move toward ectogenesis. There are some forms of knowledge it would be better not to have. E. Farming Human Beings Finally there is the objection to the use of the embryo as a means of growing organs as spare parts.