By Iris Agmon
Demanding situations winning assumptions approximately kinfolk, courts of legislations, and the character of modernity in Muslim societies opposed to the backdrop of Haifa and Jaffa in the course of " the lengthy 19th century." the preferred snapshot of the relations and the courtroom of legislations in Muslim societies is one among conventional, unchanging social frameworks. Iris Agmon indicates a completely assorted view, grounded in a close learn of nineteenth-century Ottoman court docket files from the flourishing Palestinian port towns of Haifa and Jaffa. She depicts the shari'a Muslim courtroom of legislations as a dynamic establishment, in a position to adapting to fast and profound social adjustments - certainly, of enjoying an lively function in producing those alterations. court docket and relatives engage and remodel themselves, one another, and the society of which they shape half. Agmon's ebook is an important contribution to scholarship on either kin heritage and felony tradition within the social heritage of the center East.
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Extra info for Family & Court: Legal Culture And Modernity in Late Ottoman Palestine (Middle East Beyond Dominant Paradigms)
11 .......... J;nin • j Bay san i Sanjaq ofNablus. Nablus) ·l 0 Tulkarim . ":,--------- \ \ \ \ \ > ) 0 50 100 km --------- - ------- - ~ - - - ----- 1\hp 1. Late Ottoman Palestine. From Yazbak 1998,30. Courtesy of BrilJ Academic Publishers. Historical Settings 13 gious communities and certain officials who were ex officio members. This innovation had initially been introduced during the decade of Egyptian rule in the region (1831--40). The law of 1864 further developed the idea of the participation of representatives of the local communities in government.
However, the study of households of the local elites and even more so of other strata requires a different kind of sources, most of which do not easily a lend themselves to historical examination: shari court records, collections of fatawa Oegal opinions issued by muftis), travel literature, chronicles, and Ottoman demographic data. These types of sources lead us to demographic history. In nineteenthcentury Ottoman censuses and other data that serve as the main source material for demographic historians, the Ottoman authorities used the household (in its technical sense-namely, covering a group of people who shared the same house and constituted an economic unit) as their main formation.
Acre; and the residence in Haifa of several European consuls. With the restoration of Ottoman administration (1840), the development of both Jaffa and Haifa intensified. In the following forty years, until the late 1870s, the two port cities witnessed steady growth and expansion that accelerated in the last phase, from the 1880s uritil the First World War. The incorporation of the Ottoman Empire into the world economy became particularly forceful and apparent in shaping the development of the two cities in this period, to an extent that highlighted the similarities rather than the differences between them.