By Nicolas Trépanier

Byzantine rule over Anatolia resulted in the 11th century, leaving the inhabitants and its Turkish rulers to construct social and fiscal associations during the zone. The rising Anatolian society comprised a hugely heterogeneous inhabitants of Christians and Muslims whose literati produced criminal files in Arabic, literary texts in Persian, and a few of the earliest written works within the Turkish language. but the cultural panorama that emerged hence has got little or no attention—until now.

Investigating everyday life in Anatolia through the fourteenth century, Foodways and lifestyle in Medieval Anatolia attracts on an artistic array of assets, together with hagiographies, archaeological proof, Sufi poetry, and endowment deeds, to offer an available portrait of a seriously under-documented interval. Grounded within the many ways foodstuff enters the human adventure, Nicolas Trépanier's entire research delves into the Anatolian coaching of nutrients and the social interactions that mealtime entails—from a villager's family members supper to an elaborately prepared banquet—as good because the construction actions of peasants and gardeners; exchanges of meals among commoners, retailers, and political rulers; and the non secular panorama that spread out round food-related ideals and practices. Brimming with enlightening info on such varied themes as agriculture, nomadism, pastoralism, medication, hospitality, and pageant rituals, Foodways and everyday life in Medieval Anatolia provides a brand new realizing of groups that lived at a key juncture of worldwide history.

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48 In the Anatolian context, with precipitations standing then as they do now just above the minimum required for cultivating cereals without irrigation, a drier than usual summer could have a major effect on the balance between the productivity—and thus availability and price—of wheat and of barley. 49 This also suggests that, when given the choice (same price, same availability), people would choose to consume wheat rather than barley. It was, in other words, a “matter of taste,” affording us rare concrete evidence to support the commonsense assumption that taste had an impact on the economics of food production.

Whether a given plot was associated with a given individual), we must look into the way that waqfiyyas refer to countryside real estate. 71 There are several reasons to make such a claim. 75 Whether the revenues of endowments were organized in such a fashion or not, it is nevertheless clear that villages were collective spaces of habitation but did not constitute single units of production in which the various plots of land would have been worked by all villagers collectively (like kolkhozes or kibbutzim).

10 The importance of ensuring security against theft can be further illustrated through contrast, in the mention by al-­ʿUmarī’s informant that a particular mountainous region in western Anatolia was filled with wild-­growing trees whose fruits are freely available to anyone who may care to pick them. 12 There is obviously no way to determine the relative importance—in terms of time or energy spent—of protection and horticulturalism for a gardener. Yet when depicting these individuals, narrative sources put the emphasis on their control over ready-­to-­eat produce, through either sale or theft prevention, rather than on their planting and taking care of the crops.

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