By J. W. Deacon
Visit the accompanying web site from the writer at www.blackwellpublishing.com/deacon.
Fungal Biology is the totally up-to-date new version of this undergraduate textual content, masking all significant parts of fungal biology and delivering insights into many topical parts.
- Provides insights into many topical parts akin to fungal ultrastructure and the mechanisms of fungal progress, vital fungal metabolites and the molecular innovations used to review fungal populations.
- Focuses at the interactions of fungi that shape the foundation for constructing organic keep watch over brokers, with a number of advertisement examples of the regulate of insect pests and plant illnesses.
- Emphasises the practical biology of fungi, with examples from contemporary study.
- Includes a transparent illustrative account of the positive aspects and importance of the most fungal groups.
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Additional info for Fungal Biology
2 Ustilaginomycetes, including the smut fungi (Ustilaginales) some of which again are significant plant pathogens, and gain their name from their black, sooty spores. 3 Hymenomycetes, including mushrooms, puffballs, and jelly fungi. However, the phylogenetic relationships between and within these three groups are still unclear. Significant features in the life-cycle of Basidiomycota We will begin by considering the generalized life-cycle of a typical mushroom (Fig. 18). Basidiospores, each containing a single haploid nucleus, germinate and grow into hyphal colonies that have a single nucleus in each hyphal compartment.
This poisonous fungus is commonly known as the woolly milk cap because of its woolly appearance. The specimen is about 10 cm diameter. FB4eC02 04/20/2005 02:52PM Page 38 (a) (b) Fig. 30 Two examples of edible gilled fungi. (a) A typical cluster of basidiocarps of Pleurotus ostreatus, the “oyster fungus” (each about 10 cm diameter) growing on a log. The gills are pure white, and the upper surface is mauvebrown. (b) The orange-yellow colored chanterelle, Cantharellus cibarius, which typically grows on mossy banks beneath birch trees.
37 Plasmodiophorids. (a) Clubroot symptoms caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae on a cruciferous seedling: note the grossly deformed root system. (b) Large numbers of thickwalled resting spores of P. brassicae in clubroot tissue. (c,d) Clusters of thickwalled resting spores of Polymyxa graminis at different magnifications in the roots of grasses. P. edu/~braselto/ plasmos/) (c) many haploid spores that are wind-dispersed. These spores germinate to produce either amoeboid cells termed myxamoebae or flagellate swarmers, which fuse in pairs, and the resulting diploid cell grows into a plasmodium.