By C. Arora

This e-book assesses the diplomatic direction of impact taken through German decision-makers throughout the early nineties in pursuit in their carefully articulated curiosity in and dedication to the eastward expansion of NATO.

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Extra resources for Germany's Civilian Power Diplomacy: NATO Expansion and the Art of Communicative Action

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First, there was considerable concern in Germany about the potential influx of refugees from Kosovo. Since the 1980s, but particularly since the collapse of communism, there has been a stark increase in the number of refugees and immigrants from Eastern and South Eastern Europe as well as the Third World seeking asylum Germany’s Normalizing Ambitions 33 in the Federal Republic. However, even more disturbing than the increase in asylum seekers to Germany has been the increase in acts of violence against foreigners culminating, for instance, in a five-day riot in August 1992 in the eastern city of Rostock, where attacks against asylum seekers were applauded by the public.

Maull. 3 As Maull explained, the accelerating pace of technological innovation induces parallel, simultaneously occurring economic, social, and cultural processes of change, which, in turn, exert a high degree of pressure on domestic, regional, and international political structures to constantly adjust to these changes. 5 Based on this perception of the nature of contemporary international affairs, Maull also made clear his belief in the conceptual limitations of the traditional realist school of thought in IR.

As a result, realist thinking could hardly be seen to offer a way of effectively dealing with the increasingly complex realities of international relations. As Maull insisted, international politics was not only undergoing a reshuffling of power hierarchies but a deeper more fundamental change, affecting both its entire structure and substance. No longer, Maull argued, could realist notions of traditional geopolitical games, balance-of-power calculations, and the relentless struggle of nation-states for power amid the unchanging conditions of anarchy and its inherent security dilemma capture the essence of modern-day international relations.

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