By Nigel West
In the years instantly following international battle II, details used to be disclosed approximately what has been termed the shadow struggle of the lifestyles of hitherto mystery organizations. In Germany it used to be the Abwehr and the Sicherheitsdienst; in Britain it used to be MI5, the key Intelligence carrier (MI6) and designated Operations government (SOE); within the usa it was once the workplace of Strategic companies (OSS) and the certain Intelligence provider (SIS) of the Federal Bureau of research (FBI); in Japan it was once the Kempet'ai; and in Italy the Servicio di Informazione Militare (SIM). Sixty years after global conflict II secrets and techniques are nonetheless being published concerning the covert actions that happened. many nations had mystery businesses preserving covert operations, yet even ostensibly impartial nations additionally carried out mystery operations. adjustments in American, British, or even Soviet legitimate attitudes to declassification within the Nineteen Eighties allowed hundreds of thousands of mystery files to be made to be had for public exam, and the end result was once large revisionism of the normal histories of the clash, which formerly had excluded references to mystery intelligence sources.
The Historical Dictionary of worldwide conflict II Intelligence tells the rising heritage of the intelligence international in the course of international struggle II. this is often performed via a chronology, an advent, a bibliography, and enormous quantities of cross-referenced dictionary entries at the mystery corporations, operations, and occasions. the area of double brokers, spies, and moles in the course of WWII is defined within the such a lot entire reference presently available.
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of World War II Intelligence
Part of the blame for this lies with MI6, which requested Gerard Van Os from the GOLF team that parachuted into German hands on 18/19 February 1943, to contact Gaston Van der Meerssche, the MI6 agent who ran the RINUS network. Van der Meerssche had been parachuted home in 1942 and had built up an important organization, which smuggled intelligence via couriers on coastal freighters to Sweden for onward transmission to London. SOE’s disastrous signal to Van Os alerted the Germans for the first time to the existence of RINUS, and they were able, through the use of skilled impersonators, to destroy the network.
Othmar Gamillscheg, a former Austro-Hungarian army officer who had fought in World War I and immigrated to Brazil in 1919. Gamillscheg had returned to Germany with his wife and daughter in May 1935 to join Roechling Steel as a export sales manager and, after being commissioned into the Wehrmacht, had been recruited by the Abwehr in early 1941. S. military activities in northwest Brazil as a subordinate to Gen. Niedenfuhr. When he arrived in Rio traveling alone in August 1941, ostensibly to negotiate postwar air routes and represent German aviation, he was met by Herbert von Heyer and was assigned two of ALFREDO’s wireless operators, Heinz Lorenz, code-named LAURA, and Ernst Ramaz, to send his messages to Brussels.
Napp later recruited the headwaiter of a restaurant near the docks to submit daily shipping reports and opened an office close to the British embassy. With a monthly retainer of $500, he adopted the role of a wealthy businessman and moved his family out of a rented room in the Hotel Vienna to a large house in the suburb of Martinez. Argentina’s political bias toward the Axis changed in June 1943 when Gen. Pablo Ramirez led a revolution and overthrew the government of Ramon Castillo. Thereafter the position of the German naval attaché, Capt.