By Larry Minear, Hazel Smith

Humanitarian pros are at the entrance traces of brand new inner armed conflicts, negotiating entry via actual and diplomatic roadblocks to arrive imperiled civilians. They widespread the corridors of energy, interceding with politicians and diplomats in international locations wracked by way of violence, in capitals of donor governments that underwrite humanitarian paintings, and on the United countries protection Council. they supply the media with authoritative and catalytic information regarding occasions of humanitarian extremity. Humanitarian international relations bargains a compendium of humanitarian operations in settings as assorted because the Balkans, Nepal, Somalia, and East Timor, from the Nineteen Seventies in Cambodia and Eighties in Lebanon to newer engagements in Colombia and Iraq. those precise studies and insights from the sector are framed by means of context-setting essays at the thought and perform of humanitarian international relations. This quantity presents a distinct source for practitioners, coverage groups, and scholars of humanitarian motion, in addition to for the involved public.

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25. LARRY MINEAR On Being a Special Representative of the Secretary-General and a set of DVDs of interviews with SRSGs. Three SRSG seminars have been held to date. Mancini-Griffoli and Picot, Humanitarian Negotiation, p. 25. For a review of operational standards as they reflect on principles, see the special issue of Disasters, Vol. 28, No. 2 (2004), The Sphere Project: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response. See, for example, Mark Cutts, The Humanitarian Operation in Bosnia, 1992–95: Dilemmas of Negotiating Humanitarian Access, New Issues in Refugee Research, Working Paper No.

During the second intifada, UNRWA was forced to step up efforts to counteract the campaign waged against its work. In doing so, however, it built on measures instituted much earlier. The allegations levelled against UNRWA – that its camps were used as staging areas for attacks against Israelis and Israel, that its ambulances were being used to transport weapons, and so on – have been made against other humanitarian programmes, including those in Iraq. In the service of successful programmes in highly politicized settings, therefore, one of the tasks of humanitarian diplomacy involves acting to pre-empt charges of partiality and working to increase knowledge among beneficiaries and others of the nature and purpose of the assistance provided.

NGOs were able to succeed at ‘‘capital D’’ diplomacy, opening Cambodia to humanitarian action that UN agencies then joined. The catalytic role played by NGOs soon gave way to a broader effort involving an array of agencies whose capacities, in their totality, were more in keeping with the magnitude of the needs. A more negative result obtained in Liberia, where for years assistance and protection suffered as the United Nations’ humanitarian agencies remained largely on the sidelines, the United Nations itself ceding the ground to ECOMOG, which on occasion actually strafed international aid operations.

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