By United Nations

Because the epidemic has developed, the teachings realized from it determine that the security of human rights within the context of HIV reduces affliction, saves lives, protects the general public health and wellbeing, and gives for a good reaction to HIV. the current guidance resulted from a request made decades in the past by means of the fee on Human Rights which underlined the necessity and the valuable to supply assistance to states on find out how to take concrete steps to guard human rights within the context of HIV.

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Additional resources for International Guidelines on HIV AIDS and Human Rights: 2006 Consolidated Version

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The AIDS Project (Los Angeles), the National Lawyers Guild, State AIDS Legal Services Organization (San Francisco) and the American Civil Liberties Union (William Rubenstein, Ruth Eisenberg and Lawrence Gostin, The Rights of Persons Living with HIV/AIDS (Southern Illinois Press, Carbondale, Illinois, 1996)). A manual for paralegals is being prepared in South Africa by the Pietermaritzburg branch of Lawyers for Human Rights with the assistance of the AIDS Law Project and with training coordination being provided by the AIDS Legal Network.

States should implement and support legal support services that will educate people affected by HIV about their rights, provide free legal services to enforce those rights, develop expertise on HIV-related legal issues and utilize means of protection in addition to the courts, such as offices of Ministries of Justice, ombudspersons, health complaint units and human rights commissions. 48 International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights 55. g. tax reduction) to private sector law firms to provide free pro bono services to people living with HIV in areas such as anti-discrimination and disability, health-care rights (informed consent and confidentiality), property (wills, inheritance) and employment law; (c) State support for programmes to educate, raise awareness and build self-esteem among people living with HIV concerning their rights and/or to empower them to draft and disseminate their own charters/declarations of legal and human rights; State support for production and dissemination of HIV legal rights brochures, resource personnel directories, handbooks,28 practice manuals, student texts, model curricula for law courses and continuing legal education and newsletters to encourage information exchange and networking should also be provided.

Access to HIV-related information, goods and services is affected by a range of social, economic, cultural, political and legal factors. States should review and, where necessary, amend or adopt laws, policies, programmes and plans to realize universal and equal access to medicines, diagnostics and related technologies, taking these factors into account. As one example, duties, customs laws and value-added taxes may hinder access to medicines, diagnostics and related technologies at affordable prices.

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