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25 × 10−13 A1/3 cm) in a stable nucleus. These forces are such that the ratio of the atomic mass A (the number of neutrons plus protons) to the atomic number Z (the number of protons) increases with Z; in other words, the stable nuclides become increasingly neutron-rich with increasing Z, as illustrated in Fig. 1. The various nuclear species are referred to as nuclides, and nuclides with the same atomic number are referred to as isotopes of the element corresponding to Z. , 235 U92 ) to identify nuclides.

Honeck, ENDF/B: Specifications for an Evaluated Data File for Reactor Applications, USAEC report BNL-50066, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (1966). 14 I. , Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA (1963). 15 L. J. , ANL-5800, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (1963). 1. Demonstrate that the speeds of the neutron and nucleus in the CM system do not change in an elastic scattering event by using conservation of momentum and kinetic energy. 2. Estimate the probability that a 1-MeV neutron will be moderated to thermal without being captured in a mixture of uranium and water with NH /NU = 1:1.

1 Neutron-Induced Nuclear Fission Fig. 10 Average number of neutrons emitted per fission. (From Ref. ) Fig. 11 Fission spectrum for thermal neutron-induced fission in 235 U92 . (From Ref. 1 235 U92 Fission Energy Release Form Energy (MeV) Range Kinetic energy fission products Kinetic energy prompt gammas Kinetic energy prompt neutrons Kinetic energy capture gammas Decay of fission products Kinetic energy electrons Kinetic energy neutrinos 168 7 5 7 < mm 10–100 cm 10–100 cm 10–100 cm ∼mm ∞ 8 12 ergy is transferred as heat to the surrounding material over a range of 10 to 100 cm by gamma interactions.

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