By Robert B. Taylor

Medical historical past deals us many clever techniques, a number of faulty notions, and a bunch of fascinating back-stories. On the Shoulders of Medicine’s Giants presents a variety of those, and tells how the phrases of medicine’s “giants”―such as Hippocrates, Sir William Osler, Francis Weld Peabody, and Elizabeth Kübler-Ross―are proper to scientific technological know-how and perform within the 21st century.

Which healthcare professional used to be the muse for the fictitious personality Sherlock Holmes, and what did he determine as "the actual crucial think about all profitable clinical diagnosis"? What did Sigmund Freud describe as his “tyrant,” and what may perhaps this suggest for medical professionals at the present time? are you aware the attributed resource of the well known aphorism approximately horses and zebras, and what we think this health professional truly acknowledged? This publication solutions those questions and extra, whereas additionally supplying attention-grabbing stories approximately every one person quoted.

On the Shoulders of Medicine’s Giants is urged for training physicians, scholars, and citizens, in addition to nurse practitioners, health practitioner assistants, and an individual eager about sufferer care who desires to comprehend the old and epistemological foundations of what we do every day in practice.

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British philosopher Bertrand Russell (1872–1970) had this to say about power: “The fundamental concept in social science is Power, in the same sense in which Energy is the fundamental concept in physics” [2]. In the struggle for control of America’s health care, a tempting prize that accounts for 17 % of the country’s gross national product, the power players are physicians, other health care providers, hospitals, pharmaceutical companies, health insurance companies, and government. And, oh yes, patients.

BMJ Open. 2013;3:e002762. Medicine as a Social Science The task of medicine is to promote health, to prevent disease, to treat the sick when prevention has broken down and to rehabilitate the people after they have been cured. These are highly social functions and we must look at medicine as basically a social science. Swiss-American medical historian Henry E. Sigerist (1891–1957) [1] Is medicine truly a social science? The term “social science,” used as early as the mid-nineteenth century by French philosopher August Comte (1798–1857), is currently considered a broad and ill-defined category that includes anthropology, economics, psychology, sociology, and more—depending on whom you ask.

Sir William Osler (1849–1919) [1] Osler, described by Wheeler as “the most knowledgeable and competent clinician of his day,” held a realistic view of the range of career satisfaction experienced by practicing physicians [2] (see Fig. 4). Simply stated, while many consider the practice of medicine a magnificent calling, not all are enthralled with their careers. ” Fig. 4Sir William Osler, ca. 1900. ​1007_​s11845-007-0091-1-0 Good news so far. But one in five reported that they were dissatisfied with their careers [3].

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