By Chad M. Bauman
Each year, there are numerous hundred assaults on India's Christians. those assaults are conducted through violent anti-minority activists, a lot of them provoked by way of what they understand to be a Christian propensity for competitive proselytization, or by means of rumored or genuine conversions to the religion. Pentecostals are disproportionately targeted.
Drawing on large interviews, ethnographic paintings, and an unlimited scholarly literature on interreligious violence, Hindu nationalism, and Christianity in India, Chad Bauman examines this phenomenon. whereas a number of the elements within the focusing on of Pentecostals are noticeable and expected-their rather better evangelical assertiveness, for instance-other major elements are much less said and extra excellent: marginalization of Pentecostals by means of "mainstream" Christians, the social situation of Pentecostal Christians, and transnational flows of missionary body of workers, theories, and cash. an in depth research of Indian Christian heritage, modern Indian politics, Indian social and cultural features, and Pentecostal trust and perform, this quantity sheds vital gentle on a troubling truth of latest Indian lifestyles.
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Additional resources for Pentecostals, Proselytization, and Anti-Christian Violence in Contemporary India
Whereas in the Kandhamal riots dozens of Christians were killed, murders are relatively rare in the “everyday” incidents of violence against India’s Christians. And while several instances of murder occurred during 2007 and 2008, the years for which I have the most complete data, none of the victims were clearly Pentecostal. 16. Introduction | 13 congregations become the victims of violence. Generally speaking, attacks of the first variety appear to involve responses to a specific provocation, or to the work of a specific person.
Among the ways I have tried to simplify things is to remain obsessively focused on the central puzzle of the disproportionate targeting of Indian Pentecostals in contemporary anti-Christian violence. Many scholarly texts on what in India is generally called “communal” violence succumb quickly and frequently to the temptation to demonize the perpetrators of the violence, and do so with peremptory judgment and a kind of dramatic rhetorical flourish that seems almost demanded by the blatant bigotry and tragic violence being described.
27 representing a quarter of the global Christian population and two-thirds of all Protestants. 2 billion, as of 2011). However, statisticians working with alternative sources of data estimate the number of Indian Christians to be much higher. 9 How many of those Indian Christians are Pentecostal or Charismatic is not entirely certain. The Atlas of Global Christianity estimates that there are roughly 30 million “Renewalist” Christians in India. , the Roman Catholic Charismatic renewal, classical Pentecostal denominations, neo-Pentecostals/neo-Charismatics, and denominationally independent Protestants who might be Pentecostalized in theology and worship, but who are not affiliated with any classical Pentecostal denomination).