By Terence Walz, Kenneth M. Cuno

Within the 19th century millions of Africans have been forcibly migrated northward to Egypt and different japanese Mediterranean locations, but really little is understood approximately them. stories have centred frequently at the mamluk and harem slaves of elite families, who have been as a rule white, and on abolitionist efforts to finish the slave alternate, and so much have relied seriously on western language resources. long ago 40 years new assets became to be had, starting from Egyptian spiritual and civil courtroom and police files to rediscovered information and debts in western files and libraries. in addition to new advancements within the research of African slavery those resources offer a standpoint at the lives of non-elite trans-Saharan Africans in 19th century Egypt and past. The 9 essays during this quantity study the lives of slaves and freed women and men in Egypt and the region.

Contributors: Kenneth M. Cuno, Y. Hakan Erdem, Michael Ferguson, Emad Ahmad Helal Shams al-Din, Liat Kozma, George Michael los angeles Rue, Ahmad A. Sikainga, Eve M. Troutt Powell, and Terence Walz.

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Extra info for Race and Slavery in the Middle East: Histories of Trans-Saharan Africans in 19th-Century Egypt, Sudan, and the Ottoman Mediterranean

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After the Pasha agreed, Hasan Efendi was appointed its headmaster (nazir). 15 In short, from the beginning Muhammad Ali was keen to purchase mamluks, and to educate them and prepare them for military service. Also, he permitted his family and those followers whose loyalty he trusted to own mamluks and train them as well, so that he could call them up to join his campaigns at any time. This was very similar to the way the defunct mamluk military system had worked. The Mixed Slave Army As a result of the overall scarcity of mamluks and the difficulty of obtaining them, and some time after the revolt of the Albanian soldiers in July 1815, Muhammad Ali decided to recruit black slaves in addition to mamluks into the army.

Document no. 238, 24 Jumada II 1240/13 February 1825. indd 40 Emad Ahmed Helal 10/12/10 11:49:49 AM 58 DWQ, MS, register S1/79/1: 35. Document no. 111, 24 Rabi‘ II 1250/30 August 1834; see also S1/48/4: 130. Document no. 585, 24 Rabi‘ II 1250/30 August 1834. 59 Sa‘d, Tahawwal al-takwin al-misri, 69. 60 DMU, MM, File 1228, Box 115, Shelf 4, Stand 5, Ali Pasha Jarkas, the governor of Sudan. See also “Ali Jarkas Pasha,” in Hill, Biographical Dictionary, 47–48. , Bina’ dawlat Misr Muhammad Ali, 153, 165–66.

61 Many mamluks could be found in the navy as well. indd 29 29 10/12/10 11:49:48 AM personal mamluks, who might be said to have witnessed the emergence of the Egyptian navy. He entered the civil schools at nineteen years of age, and in 1826 was transferred to the Naval School, completing his studies in 1828. He was appointed captain of one of the ships that had been salvaged following the defeat of the Egyptian navy at the Battle of Navarino in 1827. During the siege of Acre in 1831, he was captain of the frigate al-Buhayra, which participated in the bombardment of Acre’s walls to prevent supplies from reaching the port.

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