By Resat Kasaba, Sibel Bozdogan

Within the first twenty years after W.W.II, social scientist heralded Turkey as an exemplar of a 'modernizing' kingdom within the Western mildew. photos of unveiled girls operating subsequent to clean-shaven males, fit childrens at school uniforms, and downtown Ankara's smooth structure all proclaimed the country's good fortune. even though Turkey's modernization all started within the past due Ottoman period, the institution of the secular geographical region by way of Kemal Ataturk in 1923 marked the crystallization of an particular, elite-driven 'project of modernity' that took its notion completely from the West.The essays during this publication are the 1st try and study the Turkish test with modernity from a vast, interdisciplinary standpoint, encompassing the fields of historical past, the social sciences, the arts, structure, and concrete making plans. As they research either the Turkish undertaking of modernity and its critics, the members supply a clean, balanced realizing of dilemmas now dealing with not just Turkey but in addition many different components of the center East and the realm at huge.

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This is attributable to better health care and lower mortality rates caused by better economic conditions. An abundant labor force is available to fulfill the needs of a booming national economy. As this transition occurs, however, officials become concerned that population growth will soon overwhelm industrial capacity and therefore severely limit further development. Soon, the government begins to encourage measures of population control to stop growth and “preserve” the economic prosperity. This is precisely what happened in Turkey.

Within a century, the Hittite confederation declined under weak rulers and was overrun by others. C. Not long after the Hittites disappeared from the world scene, another influential kingdom—the Phrygian—was established in Asia Minor. Originally, the Phrygians belonged to the “Sea People,” a group of aggressive tribes that had spread all over the eastern Mediterranean. Their presence was recorded in documents from Greece, Egypt, and elsewhere. The Philistines (of the biblical story of David and Goliath) were one such tribe.

In any circumstance, diffusion must take place to increase the distribution, use, and importance of culture traits. Accordingly, cultures residing on the corridor(s) of diffusion will benefit the most. Throughout human history, Asia Minor was exactly such a place. Its location placed it on the crossroads of civilization on the old-world landmass of Asia, Africa, and Europe. It was not by accident that many biblical stories took place in this region. Legend even has Noah’s ark landing on Mount Ararat after surviving the Great Flood.

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