By J. Theodore Pena

This ebook examines how Romans used their pottery and the results of those practices at the archaeological list. it really is equipped round a stream version for the existence cycle of Roman pottery that features a set of 8 targeted practices: manufacture, distribution, major use, reuse, upkeep, recycling, discard, reclamation. J. Theodore Pe?a evaluates how those practices operated, how they've got formed the archaeological list, and the results of those approaches on archaeological study throughout the exam of a wide range of archaeological, textual, representational, and comparative ethnographic facts. the result's a wealthy portrayal of the dynamic that formed the archaeological list of the traditional Romans that may be of curiosity to archaeologists, ceramicists, and scholars of fabric tradition.

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361. With permission of the Royal Ontario Museum c ROM. 3. Representative lamps. Ben Abed Ben Khader and Soren 1987: 119 fig. 51. Much of the evidence considered in this study concerns the amphorae functional category, and some more extensive comments regarding the use of the vessels belonging to this category will prove useful at this juncture. This functional category subsumes a wide array of morphologically distinct forms, here referred to as classes. Each of these classes was generally manufactured in a single, more or less extensive geographical region and is, on this account, normally attested in one or, at most, a limited number of distinct fabrics.

Vessels that were insufficiently dried before being subjected to firing or vessels that were heated too rapidly in the initial water-smoking phase of the firing process might crack or explode. Vessels that were run up to the soaking temperature (the temperature at which the kiln was maintained for the bulk of the firing) too rapidly, or were exposed to an excessively high soaking temperature, might warp, bloat, or slump. Slipped vessels that were unevenly exposed to the firing gases inside the kiln or exposed to an overly oxygen-rich or oxygen-poor firing atmosphere might emerge from the firing discolored.

This naturally results in a generalized and composite picture not strictly applicable to any one specific time or place. It also results in a highly uneven exposition, with some aspects of some behaviors for which there is little evidence being noted in passing with but a sentence or two, whereas others, for which there happens to be a rich body of evidence, are discussed at considerable length. Again, in some instances, specific evidence is discussed in a considerable degree of detail where this seems useful.

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