By Paul Wanke
Psychiatry, like fields in Russia, received its legitimacy from its skill to serve the Tsar and later the Bolshevik social gathering. The militarised nature of those governments intended that psychiatry must turn out its worthy to the army. This examine will conceal Russian/Soviet army psychiatry from its first sensible adventure in the course of the Russo-Japanese battle to its maximum attempt through the nice Patriotic struggle 1941-45. all through this examine, the continuity among Russian and Soviet army psychiatry can be emphasized. for instance, psychiatry's materialist institution ruled all through this era and that Russia's attractiveness that psychiatric casualties will ensue allowed them to concentration their assets on therapy instead of prevention.
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Additional info for Russian Soviet Military Psychiatry 1904-1945 (Cass Series on the Soviet (Russian) Study of War)
Comparison of the two groups at the time yielded two important points. The first was that traumatic injuries to the nervous system were more prevalent around the head, decreasing proportionally towards the feet. 2 percent). Reasons for this disparity were vague. One possibility was that officers received greater care and attention during their examinations, leading to more accurate diagnoses. Another interesting theory was put forward by the American military observer, Capt. L. ’15 This statement is a fine example of the enigma that the Russo-Japanese War posed for Russian military psychiatry.
Though not the first war that identified psychiatric casualties,7 the Russians were concerned enough with the numbers of men displaying such a wide variety of neurological symptoms that they devoted renewed effort and research into the phenomena of psychiatric casualties. Obviously, the most immediate and important task was the care and prevention of these casualties. 3 Ratio of several groups of illnesses in Army Treatment Centers, 1904–5 Author (year of study) Institution name and no. V. S. F.
The biggest obstacle for officers to overcome was the implications of NP casualties for overall military effectiveness. A broken leg or bullet wound through the lung was an obvious impairment that both officer and doctor could agree on. For many officers, nervous exhaustion was simply a sham. ’5 Anything less was cowardice. Considering the gulf that existed between Russian officers and enlisted men, it is difficult to understand how the officers knew what the common soldier was thinking. There were obvious signs of the disconnection between officers and men.