By George Somjen (auth.), George Somjen (eds.)

Great advances were made within the sector of sensory body structure over the past few many years, and those advancements appear to be inquiring for a finished evaluate that's conceivable in measurement and cohesive in content material. This quantity has been written with that objective in brain. within the first position i need to thank Mr. R. van Frank of Appleton-Century-Crofts for asking me to do the activity, and my spouse for persuading me to do it, for writing it used to be an relaxing activity. a lot of the dialogue of real facts set to print right here developed in question-and-answer classes in classes given to scholars in body structure, psychology, and drugs, and to physicians education in neurology, neurosur­ gery, and psychiatry. along with my scholars, I had in brain whereas getting ready this article my specialist colleagues laboring on their lecture notes lower than circum­ stances maybe no longer not like my very own. the cloth is split in components. the 1st bargains with the style of illustration of sensory details in peripheral nerves: the so-called first order code. the second one 1/2 the textual content bargains with the dealing with of feel facts through the important apprehensive procedure. One explanation for dividing the fabric during this means is that the various good points of the first-order code are universal to all sensory modalities. The depth, where, the rhythm, the "quality" of stimuli are encoded by means of principles that are acceptable, albeit with acceptable ameliorations, to all senses. moreover, those principles of coding are at the present time very well understood.

Show description

Read Online or Download Sensory Coding in the mammalian nervous system PDF

Best nonfiction_10 books

Effects of Mass Loss on Stellar Evolution: IAU Colloquium no. 59 Held in Miramare, Trieste, Italy, September 15–19, 1980

The IAU Colloquium No. fifty nine, "The results of mass loss on Stellar Evolution" was once hung on September 15-19, 1980 on the foreign Centre for Theoretical Physics, Miramare, Trieste (Italy), lower than the auspices of the IAU govt Co~ mittee and the Italian nationwide Council of study. The making plans of this convention started years in the past du­ ring the IAU Symposium No.

Cerebral Cortex: Neurodegenerative and Age-Related Changes in Structure and Function of Cerebral Cortex

This quantity of Cerebral Cortex is devoted to Sir John Eccles, who used to be an energetic member of the advisory board for the sequence until eventually his loss of life in might 1997. His enter as to what subject matters can be coated in destiny volumes of this sequence can be sorely neglected. the current quantity is worried with neurodegenerative issues and age­ comparable alterations within the constitution and serve as of the cerebral cortex, a subject that has attracted expanding curiosity as sturdiness and the variety of elderly members within the inhabitants elevate.

Alcoholism and Drug Dependence: A Multidisciplinary Approach

It truly is for me, as President of the Merseyside Lancashire & Cheshire Council on Alcoholism, a sign privilege to put in writing a short foreword to those court cases of the 3rd foreign convention on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence. throughout the week specialists, from across the world, in all these disciplines that have a contribution to make to the answer of the issues of alcoholism and drug dependence, surveyed fresh advances in our wisdom of the aetiology, epidemiology, early reputation, administration, and the social and business implications of those dual scourges of the modern scene.

Extra resources for Sensory Coding in the mammalian nervous system

Example text

In certain situations, such as the secretion of acid in the stomach, the 'pumping' of ions is indeed accompanied by an appreCiable voltage. But in the case of nerve cells, it seems that every time one K+ ion is pulled into the cells by the 'ion pump,' one Na+ ion is thrust out of the cell. The simultaneous transport of similar charges in opposite directions cancels the electrical effect. ) Membrane potentials have been measured in many cells. Whether the potential of epithelial tissues, red blood cells, and the like contributes to their function or is a by-product of no consequence is not clear.

After diffusing across the narrow intercellular cleft, the transmitter substance acts upon the sub synaptic membrane, causing its permeability to ions to be altered. The action of the transmitter chemical on 28 Introduction the postsynaptic neuron is in many ways like that of a stimulus on a receptor cell or nerve. It could be said that the 'adequate stimulus' of the subsynaptic membrane is the transmitter, using the word in a similar sense as for sense organs (see p. 36). The change of voltage at the postsynaptic membrane is thus in many ways analogous to the generator potential, but is called here the postsynaptic potential.

In some sense organs the two are in fact identical, and in reference to those it is proper to use the two terms interchangeably. This is true for all the nerve endings of the skin and of connective tissue but not for the photoreceptors of the retina and probably not for the organs of audition and taste either. In the latter examples the specialized sensory cell is believed to be the site of a receptor potential, while the generator process resides in the nerve ending which is in contact with the sensory cell (Figure 5) (see also Mellon, 1968, pp.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.19 of 5 – based on 22 votes