By Daniel Allen Butler
The historical past of the Ottoman Empire spanned greater than seven centuries. on the peak of its strength, it stretched over 3 continents and produced marvels of structure, literature, technological know-how, and war. while it fell, its cave in redrew the map of the realm and altered the process background.
Shadow of the Sultan s Realm is the tale of the empire s dissolution in the course of a tumultuous interval that climaxed within the First international battle. In its telling are battles and campaigns that experience develop into the stuff of legend Gallipoli, Kut, Beersheeba waged via males who've turn into greater than lifestyles: Enver Bey, the would-be patriot who used to be pushed extra by means of ambition than through knowledge; T. E. Lawrence ( Lawrence of Arabia ), the enigmatic chief of an abnormal battle opposed to the Turks; Aaron Aaronsohn, the Jewish botanist-turned-spy who deceived his Turkish and British allies with equivalent facility; David Lloyd George, the best minister for whom strength intended every thing, integrity not anything; Mehmet Talaat, who gave the orders that started the Armenian massacres; Winston Churchill, who created an in depth plan for the Gallipoli crusade, which must have been the masterstroke of the good battle; Mustafa Kemal, a proficient soldier who could develop into a progressive flesh presser and earn the identify Ataturk; Arthur Balfour, the British overseas secretary who might promise something to a person; and Edmund Allenby, the final who failed within the trench war of the western entrance yet fought brilliantly in Palestine.
Daniel Allen Butler weaves the tales of the boys and the occasions that propelled them right into a compelling narrative of the dying of an empire. Its legacy is the cauldron of the trendy heart East.
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Extra info for Shadow of the Sultan's Realm: The Destruction of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East
The elder, Ahmet I, spared his brother Mustafa’s life but locked him away in a secluded apartment in the harem of Topkapi Palace. Ahmet’s decision, though unusually merciful, marked the beginning of the pernicious influence the harem would exert on the affairs of the empire. It was also a mistake, for Mustafa in turn would lead a palace revolt in 1617 in which he would overthrow his brother and take his place on the throne, in turn banishing Ahmet to the harem for the remainder of his life. At the same time, other gradual but profound shifts in power began.
Reform, meanwhile, stifled what had once been the world’s outstanding scientific and academic community, all in the name of preserving Suleiman’s Golden Age. Just as Europe’s scientists, engineers, and philosophers were stepping across the threshold of one of the greatest sustained periods of creativity THE SULTAN’S REALM 17 and innovation in the history of the world, the scholars of the Ottoman Empire fell into the embrace of conservative thinking, resisting new ideas and denouncing unorthodox thinking as heretical.
The following morning, July 24, all of the newspapers in Constantinople carried a short paragraph, usually buried on one of the inner pages, announcing that the Sultan had decided to call for national elections and the seating of a parliament. The new National Assembly, to be styled the “divan,” was seated on August 5, 1908, despite the inevitable allegations of electoral fraud and hints of racial troubles. Inevitably, the CUP was the single largest party, with sixty seats, and it was quickly able to engineer the election of Ahmed Riza as the National Assembly’s first speaker.