By Ryan Gingeras

The Turkish Republic was once shaped out of colossal bloodshed and carnage. through the decade major as much as the top of the Ottoman Empire and the ascendancy of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, almost each city and village all through Anatolia was once wracked through intercommunal violence. Sorrowful Shores offers a different, on-the-ground historical past of those bloody years of social and political transformation.

Challenging the determinism linked to nationalist interpretations of Turkish heritage among 1912 and 1923, Ryan Gingeras delves deeper into this era of transition among empire and geographical region. having a look heavily at a nook of territory instantly south of the previous Ottoman capital of Istanbul, he lines the evolution of assorted groups of local Christians and immigrant Muslims opposed to the backdrop of the Balkan Wars, the 1st international conflict, the Armenian Genocide, the Turkish conflict of Independence, and the Greek career of the region.

Drawing on new resources from the Ottoman files, Gingeras demonstrates how violence was once organised on the neighborhood point. Arguing opposed to the present view of the clash as a battle among monolithic ethnic teams pushed via fanaticism and old hatreds, he finds as an alternative the culpability of numerous competing states in fanning successive waves of bloodshed.

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Additional info for Sorrowful Shores: Violence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923

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It also elicited and changed one’s cultural tastes, be it in terms of dress, behaviour, or system of beliefs. The constraints or advantages of class confronted not only North Caucasians, but all segments of Ottoman society. In Albanians we see similar internal social divisions. However, the experience of diaspora in the Ottoman Empire would have a radically different effect upon many of those who came from the Albanian lands. B A N D I TS O R BU R E AU C R ATS : A L B A N I A N M I G R A N TS A N D T H E OT TO M A N S TAT E I N T H E N I N E T E E N T H C E N T U RY The modern history of the Albanian people is intimately tied to the Ottoman Empire and its legacies.

A handful of ordained and lay American and Armenian preachers both serviced the large congregations of the major towns and provided intermittent assistance to ‘out station’ rural communities. As testament to the Lord’s work, as well as showcases for Western ‘civilization’ and modernity, most of the ABCFM’s resources were invested in a handful of tuition-based secondary schools. ⁶¹ They were offered a regime of religious and practical classes in Ottoman Turkish, Greek, and Armenian. A handful of exceptional graduates from these schools would return as teachers, seek education abroad, or be enrolled in Robert College, the crown jewel of the American missionary schools.

Yet both before and after the nineteenth century, a great many more Albanian-speakers would abandon the Balkans and create new, more detached identities in the diaspora. For many migrants living in the South Marmara and elsewhere in Anatolia, ‘Albanianness’ was a social designation, meaning that one still had not abandoned one’s Balkan roots. Other individuals who were raised in the Albanian lands and then later settled in Anatolia would accept elite Ottoman norms. This latter group of migrants, mostly found among the urban, Albanian-speaking elite, would shed any identification with ‘Albanianness’ and come to call themselves ‘Turks’, that is, Turkish-speaking Ottoman citizens.

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