By Susan M. Powers, Cornelia Hamann (auth.), Susan M. Powers, Cornelia Hamann (eds.)

This selection of papers investigates particular linguistic phenomena from the perspective of first- and second-language acquisition. whereas observations at the acquisition of scrambling or pronominal clitics are available within the literature, up until eventually the new previous they have been sparse and sometimes buried in different concerns. This quantity fills a long-existing hole in offering a set of articles which specialize in language acquisition yet whilst handle the overarching syntactic matters concerned (for instance, the X-bar prestige of clitics, base-generation vs. stream money owed of scrambling). This quantity comprises an summary of L1 (and, in a single case, L2) acquisition info from a couple of diverse languages together with Bernese, Swiss, German, Dutch, English, French, German, Italian, Spanish and Swedish, in addition to from numerous theoretical issues of view with those clause-internal approaches at its heart. those language acquisition information are thought of to be the most important within the validation of analyses of those particular linguistic phenomena in grownup grammars. The contributions during this quantity comprise the earliest recommendations during this vein and, therefore, will be seen as a place to begin for discussions inside of theoretical linguistics and language acquisition alike.

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7. SUMMARY The theoretical modeling of scrambling is still a controversial issue. In this overview, the emphasis has been put on the controversial theoretical aspects and on empirical evidence that bears on the choice of the theoretically adequate analysis of scrambling. The crucial parameter for the existence of clause bound scrambling is claimed to be the size of the checking domain of the verb. Scrambling is analyzed as an A-type-dependency, that is a dependency that relates a position with linking license and a position with a projection license.

1-30. , S. Olsen & S. ): 1995, Introduction to: Studies in Comparative Germanic Syntax, Reidel, Dordrecht, 1-45. Haider, H. & I. Rosengren: 1998, 'Scrambling. Sprache und Pragmatik' #49; Germanic Institute, University Lund. 1-104. : 1982, 'Explikation fiir "normale Betonung" und "normale Wortstellung"', In W. ) Satzglieder im Deutschen, Narr, Tiibingen, 75- 153. : 1984. Transitivity - Grammatical Relations in Government-Binding Theory, Foris, Dordrecht. Holmberg, A. : 1995, The Role of Inflection in Scandinavian Syntax, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Evidence for gaps? There is an area of grammar which provides a crucial testing ground for the presence of a structural gap-position in scrambling constructions. This area is the interaction between base order, sentence accent and focus projection. Hohle (1982) expounded the relevance of word order and sentence stress for the focus potential of a sentence. He correlates normal word order and normal intonation with maximal focus potential: (24) Was ist passiert? (What has happened? ) [XF =focus exponent] a.

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