By David Shankland
This is often the single quantity devoted to the Alevis to be had in English and in response to sustained fieldwork in Turkey. The Alevis now have an more and more excessive profile for these attracted to the varied cultures of latest Turkey, and within the position of Islam within the sleek international. As a heterodox Islamic workforce, the Alevis haven't any confirmed doctrine. This publication unearths that because the Alevi flow from rural to city websites, they develop more and more secular, and their non secular lifestyles turns into extra a guiding ethical tradition than a spiritual message to be actually. however the research exhibits that there's not anything inherently secular-proof inside Islam, and that trust is dependent upon more than a few contexts.
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Extra info for The Alevis in Turkey: The Emergence of a Secular Islamic Tradition
It is worth noting, however, that their recent history also appears to be in some respects noticeably divergent. While the Turkish Alevis can stress their Turkishness, and Kurdish Sunnis their religious bond with the contemporary Republic, neither route is available to the Kurdish Alevis in any straightforward way. This is not to say that many of their members are not happy within the Republic: many are, and I have met Alevi Kurds occupying the highest civil service positions. However, where a sense of exclusion has predominated, the result appears to have been markedly volatile, and often violent.
Social change and modernisation That life is often compromised, but still possible, means that the people with whom I have worked have been able to benefit at least partially from the widespread modernisation that has taken place throughout Anatolia. Such a major change may hardly be summed up briefly, but is might be noted that though 28 ALEVI AND SUNNI IN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY there are, sadly, some who have insufficient nourishment,24 for many food is plentiful, varied and cheap. 26 The development of a mass media, already a preoccupation in the early Republic, has in recent years produced mature and extremely lively television and radio, to say nothing of a variety of newspapers.
Radical or ‘left’ sympathies This loyalty for Atatürk and the Republic is expressed practically in a number of ways: in a willingness to be conscripted or to serve in battle, in respect for civil servants, in defending the country against criticism. However, the Alevis also feel a profound ambiguity towards central rule, feeling that it is powerful, has discriminated against them in Ottoman times, and is now doing so again. This feeling of dismay is one reason why they are commonly and correctly held to be 22 ALEVI AND SUNNI IN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY part of the Republican left wing, and an important part of their contemporary self-conception as being a deprived minority.