By Kenneth M. Pollack, Daniel L. Byman, Akram Al-Turk, Pavel Baev, Michael S. Doran, Khaled Elgindy, Stephen R. Grand, Shadi Hamid, Bruce D. Jones, Suzanne Maloney, Jonathan D. Pollack, Bruce Riedel, Ruth Hanau Santini, Salman Shaikh, Ibrahim Sharqieh, Ömer

Even the main professional center East observers have been stunned by means of the occasions of early 2011. Protests born of oppression and socioeconomic frustration erupted through the streets; public unrest provoked violent police backlash; customary dictatorships fell. How did this all ensue? What could the longer term appear like, and what are the most likely ramifications for the USA and the remainder of the realm? within the Arab Awakening, specialists from the Brookings establishment take on such inquiries to make feel of this tumultuous quarter that is still on the center of U.S. nationwide interests.The first component of The Arab Awakening bargains large classes by means of reading key features of the Mideast turmoil, equivalent to public opinion developments in the "Arab Street"; the position of social media and know-how; socioeconomic and demographic stipulations; the impression of Islamists; and the influence of the recent political order at the Arab-Israeli peace process.The subsequent part appears to be like on the international locations themselves, discovering commonalties and grouping them based on the political evolutions that experience (or haven't) happened in every one state. The part deals perception into the present scenario, and attainable trajectory of every team of nations, by means of person state reports. The Arab Awakening brings the whole assets of Brookings to endure on making feel of what may possibly change into the main major geopolitical flow of this new release. it really is crucial examining for an individual seeking to comprehend those advancements and their consequences.ContentsPart I: realizing the Transformation of the center EastPart II: the hot DemocraciesPart III: The fight for ReformPart IV: The Civil WarsPart V: The Basket circumstances: What Now?Conclusion: a brand new American Grand procedure for the center EastAuthors comprise Daniel Byman, Khaled Elgindy, Stephen Grand, Shadi Hamid, Suzanne Maloney, Kenneth M. Pollack, Bruce Riedel, Salman Shaikh, and Shibley Telhami.

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Similarly, while most Arabs profess to care about the issue of Palestine, it is far more of a priority for Israel’s neighbors than for others. And while most of the Arab world is struggling economically in a manner that adds fuel to the fire, there are also rich countries, such as Saudi Arabia, that can mitigate possible revolt through generous spending. In the end, the outcome of the uprisings will vary from country to country. But one thing is clear in every place: no government can afford to ignore public opinion.

To glimpse where the politics of the Middle East may travel, the best guide is the experience of other regions of the world that have gone down the path of democratic reform. In a 1991 book, the late political scientist Samuel Huntington identified three waves of democratization that have swept the globe in modern history. The first, he argued, began with the expansion of political suffrage in the United States in the 1820s and ran up until the rise of fascism some hundred years later. The second coincided with European decolonization following World War II and ran through 1962.

Assistance should be guided by lessons learned from experiences with democratization elsewhere. The United States has a long history of democracy promotion around the globe. Along the way it has had many successes, but also many failures, from which hard lessons have been learned. Washington would be well served to remember that history. indd 28 10/14/11 1:28 PM 4 Islamists and the Brotherhood Political Islam and the Arab Spring Shadi Hamid For the members of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood—the oldest and most influential Islamist political party—the Arab Spring may not have been entirely of their making, but it surely was the answer to their prayers.

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