By Terence Cuneo, René van Woudenberg

Broadly stated because the critical architect of Scottish logic philosophy, Thomas Reid is more and more famous at the present time as one of many best philosophers of the eighteenth century. Combining a cosmopolitan reaction to the skeptical and idealist perspectives of his day, Reid's concept represents an immense substitute to Humean skepticism, Kantian idealism and Cartesian rationalism. This paintings covers not just his philosophy yet his medical learn and vast old effect.

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Additional info for The Cambridge Companion to Thomas Reid (Cambridge Companions to Philosophy)

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Newton is undoubtedly a crucial part of Reid’s intellectual context; of the major philosophers (in the modern sense of “philosopher”) of eighteenth-century Scotland Reid had the deepest understanding of Newtonian science. But it should be added that Reid Cambridge Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2006 Reid in Context 41 makes it clear that as regards scientific methodology his special hero is not so much Newton as Francis Bacon (1561–1626): Did not his Novum Organum give birth to the Art of Induction?

27 He inherited the Gregory mantle and his life-long active interest in the mathematical sciences28 has to be seen in relation to this intellectual context provided by the family. The physical sciences, such as astronomy, also attracted him and he reports astronomical observations that he made. The family interest in observational astronomy is no less important in this context. In particular Reid’s great uncle James Gregory was credited with the invention of the reflecting telescope. 29 It is not that philosophy was not at the heart of his endeavors, but that Cambridge Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2006 38 alexander broadie his philosophical ideas cannot be considered in isolation from his scientific work without seriously diminishing his philosophy.

56 Reid was well read in logic, a field underpinning all academic disciplines. He was familiar not only with Francis Bacon but also with the seventeenth-century logicians Bartholomew Keckermann and Franco Burgersdijk, as well as with the Port-Royal logic of Antoine Arnaud and Pierre Nicole. The influence on him of John Locke was also profound. In addition there were thinkers with whom he was in personal contact and with whom he must have had endless conversations on logic. These included Lord Kames and George Campbell.

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