By Dhirendra Sharma

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Kintu, ekavi~ayatvabhavaniyata iti. tato yatrarthakriyabhedadisacival;1 pratibhasabhedal; tatra vastubhedal;, ghatavat. , III. 236. svabhava. la is perceived, akara = vikalpa = anyapoha or universal or difference is the referent of the term (word). , particular and universal, as two real parts of one objective reality with their difference based on the difference of medium of cognition? 236. 56 The reality of the extreme particular point-instant cannot be divided on the ground that it is apprehended with different substances and through different means.

151) this passage refers to a work 'Siikiirasamgrahasutra' of Jnanasri, the Buddhist teacher of Ratnakirti. The work is now published along with other essays of JiianasrI. See IN. '0 sabdenavyaprta. , 'not covered by the word'. 51 Cf. below AS. (11-17), "na svalak~al)asya sabdavikalpa-lingapratibhasit- vam". 52 upaybhedat. 1-2) jato namasrayonyanyal;1 cetasantasya vastunal;1. ekasyaiva kuto rllpam bhinnakaravabhasi tat. 3-5) na hi spa~taspa~ta dye nlpe parasparaviruddhe ekasya vastunal;1 stal;1; yata ekenendriyabuddhau pratibhasetanyena vikalpe, tatha sati vastuna eva bhedapraptel;1; na hi svarupabhedad aparo vastubhedal;1.

Cf. 11-12). 12 vise~ata ... ik~amal)asya. , p. 67, and pp. 130-13l. , 251, quotes Dignaga in support of this view. " A term denotes only positive entities qualified by the exclusion of others. Karl)akagomin in his commentary on PV. p. 248 explicitly ascribed this passage to Dignaga. See also pp. 114, 128-129 of the same. , p. 436, too ascribes this to Dignaga. 15 Sundara: literally means beautiful, appealing. 16 K. K. Raja observes that Ratnakirti here "rejects Santarak~ita's view that a word conveys a positive meaning first, and a negative meaning later by logical implication".

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