By Sumit Ganguly
Few bilateral conflicts have confirmed as immune to answer because the Kashmir disputebetween India and Pakistan. What explains the tenacity of this dispute? the reply iscomplex and is going to the very foundation of state-construction in South Asia. India, which hadbeen created as a civic polity, at the start sought to carry directly to this Muslim-majority country todemonstrate its secular credentials. 1 Pakistan, in flip, had laid declare to Kashmir becauseit were created because the place of origin for the Muslims of South Asia. 2 After the break-up ofPakistan in 1971 the Pakistani irredentist declare to Kashmir misplaced substa. Read more...
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Additional info for The Kashmir question : retrospect and prospect
It is unrealistic for New Delhi or Islamabad to imagine that it can, with either force or diplomacy, reunify the whole of Jammu and Kashmir. Similarly, Islamabad, too, must realize that neither war nor support for insurgencies or international pressure will force New Delhi to give up the provinces of Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh. Second, rewriting boundaries in South Asia will have disastrous consequences for the region. Apart from displacing huge populations, it could lead to communal clashes bloodier than those during the partition of India.
Similarly, Islamabad, too, must realize that neither war nor support for insurgencies or international pressure will force New Delhi to give up the provinces of Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh. Second, rewriting boundaries in South Asia will have disastrous consequences for the region. Apart from displacing huge populations, it could lead to communal clashes bloodier than those during the partition of India. Third, the present LOC corresponds, more or less, to a broad ethnic-linguistic division within the former princely state.
10 Pakistan’s First Move on Kashmir The conflict over Kashmir began soon after independence, and Pakistan’s decision to allow (or as some would argue, plan) a tribal invasion of the state of Jammu and Kashmir was the first ad hoc decision that carried over the pre-partition divide into the postindependence phase. Kashmir was one of 562 princely states to retain varying degrees of administrative independence through treaties with Britain concluded during the process of colonial penetration. The treaty relationships conferred ‘paramountcy’ on the British and, in most cases, control over defense, external affairs, and communications.