By J. D. North, J. J. Roche (auth.), J. D. North, J. J. Roche (eds.)

This quantity of essays is intended as a tribute to Alistair Crombie by means of a few of those that have studied with him. The social gathering of its book is his seven­ tieth birthday - four November 1985. Its contents are a mirrored image - or so it really is was hoping - of his personal pursuits, and so they point out while his impression on matters he has pursued for a few 40 years. Born in Brisbane, Australia, Alistair Cameron Crombie took a primary measure in zoology on the collage of Melbourne in 1938, and then he moved to Je­ sus collage, Cambridge. There he took a doctorate within the comparable topic (with a dissertation on inhabitants dynamics - foreshadowing a later curiosity within the historical past of Darwinism) in 1942. by way of this time he had taken up a study place with the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries within the Cambridge Zoological l. a.­ boratory, a place he left in 1946, while he moved to a lectureship within the his­ tory and philosophy of technological know-how at collage university, London. H. G. Andrewa­ ka and L. C. Birch, in a survey of the background of insect ecology (R. F. Smith, et al. , heritage of Entomology, 1973), realize the significance of the works of Crombie (with which they couple the sooner paintings of Gause) because the vital sti­ mulus for the nice curiosity taken in interspecific festival within the mid 194Os.

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Readers included magistrates, natural philosophers, persons in the liberal professions, and members of the royal bureaucracy. It was the scholarly community and the upper middle class (or ro11. Dube, Poor Man's Physician, pp. 309, 272. See Cipolla, Public Health, pp. 109-114 on therapeutic nihilism. MEDICINE FOR THE POOR 43 bins) who kept up with current ideas by subscribing to this bi-monthly journal of book reviews and articles on learned, especially scientific, topics. Dodart's article was cited by natural philosophers outside France and by eighteenthcentury academicians.

They represent years of experience, and Dube revised them as he continued to treat patients, so that they went through several French editions. The books met an international need and were translated into both English and Italian. Dube wrote to augment the training physicians, surgeons, and apothecaries received. Physicians took university degrees and studied medical theory and internal medicine. They sought to adjust the balance of the four bodily humors through purgation of various sorts, but some physicians were "therapeutic nihilists", who relied on nature rather than medication to cure many ills.

The cause of Dodart's death is stated on p. 102 of Fontenelle's eulogy. Dodart's memoirs also survive in the Proces-verbaux and cartons at the Archives of the Academie des Sciences; his will is among the documents in his dossier there. The acerbic review of Dodart's Memoires des plantes by the deposed editor (Samuel Cottereau Duclos) survives at the Bibliotheque du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, MS. 1278. , 10: 97r, l06r, l06v-107r, llOr, Illr-v. 7. See Denis Dodart, "Lettre ... contenant des choses fort remarquables touchant quelques grains", Journal des s~vans, 1676, pp.

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