By Flynt Leverett

The “war on terror” and the conflict in Iraq supplied the framework for George W. Bush’s first time period in place of work. As he launched into a moment time period, the president reaffirmed his administration’s dedication to a transformative heart East time table that now contains the demanding situations of marketing democracy, non-proliferation, and Israeli-Palestinian peace. The Saban heart on the Brookings establishment commissioned a bunch of its specialists to critique the Bush administration’s first-term functionality and current replacement techniques for its moment time period. the line forward covers the total set of demanding situations confronting President Bush in his moment time period: from scuffling with Binladenism to selling Arab reform; from attaining heart East peace to saving Iraq; and from tackling Iran to attractive Syria and Saudi Arabia. The members argue that the Bush management might want to advance an built-in heart East technique that improves the customers for attaining a concern pointed out throughout the 2004 presidential crusade: strengthening alliances and using them to ease the load on American management. the line forward presents the required components for a certainly built-in strategic framework that may support decisionmakers deal with either the adjustments and the continuities in America’s post-9/11 center East coverage. participants: Martin Indyk, Flynt Leverett, Kenneth Pollack, James Steinberg, Shibley Telhami, and Tamara Cofman Wittes, all attached with the Saban heart on the Brookings establishment. A Saban middle document

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Extra info for The Road Ahead: Middle East Policy in the Bush Administration's Second Term

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For example, if security-sector reform threatens the economic well-being of a country’s officer corps, specific assistance to provide job retraining, private-sector investment credits, or even pensions might be made available in exchange for specific action by the recipient government. 8 The “lost” assistance, which took the form of cash transfers and commodity import credits, could be replaced by new, conditional, carefully targeted assistance to encourage or reinforce desired reforms. -Arab Democracy Challenge Account.

Primary among these risks is that pressuring longstanding autocratic regimes to relax their control over political power may produce crisis and chaotic outcomes rather than gradual transitions to democracy. This risk is worth considering, but must be evaluated relative to the risks of instability that accompany a policy of favoring the status quo. S. attitudes. Given this, it appears preferable to support changes that will facilitate long-term stability, political moderation, and prosperity rather than to continue or even enhance America’s already much-resented association with governments whose ability to deliver effectively in response to public needs is increasingly judged a failure by their own citizens.

It would also include civil-society assistance programs that would be undertaken independently from regular bilateral assistance—like the Middle East Partnership Initiative—but that would be tied explicitly to democratic reform efforts at the societal level, including political party development, advocacy, civic education, and the like. Finally, the Democracy Challenge Account should include incentives (for example, loan or investment guarantees, tax incentives, or favorable credit) for American businesses to expand their relations with Arab counterparts in countries that are committed to real economic and political reform.

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