By Anna Plassart

Historians of rules have typically mentioned the importance of the French Revolution during the prism of a number of significant interpretations, together with the commentaries of Burke, Tocqueville and Marx. This e-book argues that the Scottish Enlightenment provided another and both strong interpretative framework for the Revolution, which concerned about the transformation of the well mannered, civilised moeurs that had outlined the 'modernity' analysed via Hume and Smith within the eighteenth century. The Scots saw what they understood as an army- and democracy-led transformation of eu smooth morals and concluded that the true old importance of the Revolution lay within the transformation of battle, nationwide emotions and family members among states, battle and trade that characterized the post-revolutionary overseas order. This e-book recovers the Scottish philosophers' robust dialogue of the character of post-revolutionary modernity and exhibits that it's necessary to our knowing of nineteenth-century political suggestion.

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31 The eighteenth-century political economists of Britain and France, especially, showed that the political and economic spheres would become ever more intertwined in this new system of state relations, both on the domestic and international levels. 32 European states, they insisted, could no longer conceive themselves in isolation: their role now lay in their ability to preserve the well-being of subjects and citizens in an international network of commercial states. 33 Others, however, underlined that this new development came with potential dangers: in a newly internationalised commercial world, they pointed out, traditional ‘jealousy of state’ was reinforced by a new ‘jealousy of trade’.

368–402, 382–3. David Hume, ‘Whether the British Government Inclines more to Absolute Monarchy, or to a Republic’, in Eugene F. ), Essays: Moral, Political, and Literary (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1987), p. 53. David Hume, ‘Of Civil Liberty’, in Eugene F. ), Essays: Moral, Political, and Literary (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1987), p. 95. 24 In Hume’s wake, the Scots did not think much of the idea of ‘French despotism’ when the French reforms started unfolding in 1789. The overall state of society and moeurs was in their view fairly similar in eighteenthcentury France and Britain.

This was why, in his view, the love of our country did not imply love for other countries, but rather jealousy towards potential rivals. In modern commercial societies, traditional jealousies took the form of ‘mercantile animosity’. 40 35 36 37 38 39 40 Hume, ‘Of the Balance of Power’, p. 334. : The Belknap Press, 2005), p. 333. Hume, ‘Of the Balance of Power’, p. 339. Hume, ‘Of Commerce’, pp. 263–4. See also Robert A. Manzer, ‘The Promise of Peace? Hume and Smith on the Effects of Commerce on Peace and War’, Hume Studies, 22 (1996), 375.

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