By William Fortescue

An important creation to the most important political difficulties, debates and conflicts that are vital to the background of the 3rd Republic in France, from the Franco-Prussian warfare of 1870-71 to the autumn of France in June 1940.It presents unique resources, precise observation and precious chronologies and bibliographies on issues including:* the emergence of the regime and the Paris Commune of 1871* Franco-German family* anti-Semitism and the Dreyfus Affair* the function of ladies and the significance of the nationwide birth-rate* the nature of the French correct and of French fascism.

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Extra resources for The Third Republic in France 1870-1940: Conflicts and Continuities (Routledge Sources in History)

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Socialist Women during the 1871 Paris Commune’, Past and Present, 106 (1985), 124–63. , ‘Plus que des Ambulancières: women in articulation and defence of their ideals during the Paris Commune (1871)’, French History, 7 (1993), 85–101. , ‘The Thiers Government and the Outbreak of Civil War in France’, February–April 1871’, Historical Journal, 23 (1980), 813–31. —— The War against Paris, 1871. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1981. —— ‘Harbingers or Entrepreneurs? A workers’ cooperative during the Paris Commune’, Historical Journal, 27 (1984), 969–77.

58). The strength of the parliamentary Right in 1871, and its monarchical character, can be explained in a number of ways. The surrender at Sedan and the proclamation of the Third Republic had thrown Bonapartists into disarray. In contrast, Legitimists, galvanized by the prospect of social upheaval, had begun active electoral preparations after the Government of National Defence had announced the convocation of a National Assembly on 8 September 1870. They were therefore generally well prepared when on 29 January 1871 the elections were announced for the following 8 February.

The Anti-Commune: Paris, 1871’, French Historical Studies, 10 (1977), 149–72. 23 2 The political Right and Left in the early Third Republic The political opposition to the Second Empire which developed during the 1860s was, to a considerable extent, an urban, and particularly a Parisian, phenomenon. In contrast, rural and provincial France tended to accept the imperial regime. The experience of the Franco-Prussian War and of the siege of Paris accentuated this political divide. Paris, and to a lesser extent other major urban centres, became more left wing, whereas the conservatism of rural provincial France was reinforced by a widespread association of left-wing republicanism with Gambetta’s policies of national resistance.

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