By Karl Popper

With a brand new foreword by Scott Austin

'I desire that those essays might illustrate the thesis that every one background is or will be the heritage of challenge occasions, and that during following this precept we may well extra our figuring out of the Presocratics and different thinkers of the previous. The essays additionally try and exhibit the greatness of the early Greek philosophers, who gave Europe its philosophy, its technology, and its humanism.' - Karl Popper, from the preface

The international of Parmenides is a superb exploration of the complexity of old Greek idea and technology by means of one of many 20th century’s top philosophers. It finds the good value of Presocratic philosophy to Popper’s concept as a complete and exhibits the profound enlightenment he skilled interpreting not just Parmenides however the wider international of Greek technological know-how and philosophy together with Xenophanes and Heraclitus.

Edited by means of Arne F. Petersen, affiliate Professor within the college of Humanities, collage of Copenhagen.

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Extra info for The World of Parmenides: Essays on the Presocratic Enlightenment (Routledge Classics)

Sample text

And we need to understand the feminine so that we can identify May's eventual divergence from it, and, more specifically, January's eventual occupation of it. Simone de Beauvoir's reading is instructive in this regard. In Beauvoir’s reading, women “appear essentially to the male as a sexual being . . She is defined and differentiated with reference to man . . She is the Other” (54). Or, as Kara Donaldson puts it, as the other, women’s words are “divorced from power and her body is subject to the interpretation and mediation of the men who .

In Hansen's reading of Chaucer's Good Women, for instance, women who try to occupy those conventional male spaces are either killed or socially marginalized, a punishment impressed upon them by the narrator for their transgression of gender lines. Yet, in the Merchant’s Tale, there is gender crossing, and it does extricate May from her betrayal of January. To this end, a connected subtext of Hansen's thesis I will argue against is her position that “for women, the crossing of gender lines is often fatal” (170).

Yet, is the principle of transgression or subversion, which can be located in the moment that Hansen defines as “the destabilized notion of integral maleness . . opened up by the inversions and subversions of courtly love” (13), namely the lover’s feminization, the same as the principle that identifies both the social and the political problems posed to the state by courtly love? That is, does Hansen’s reading put at stake the philosophical concerns opened up by courtly love and −39− role reversal, including but going beyond, the disclosure of the inherent instability of masculinity?

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