By Sonia M. Tiquia-Arashiro

The booklet describes the goods produced through carboxydotrophic micro organism and their biotechnological purposes. Carbon monoxide (CO) is a frequent pollutant and a danger to guy due to its super poisonous nature. it's a significant component to a few commercial fuel combinations and should be derived from coal. The carboxydotrophic micro organism receive strength and carbon from the oxidation of CO. those organisms can be used to supply new metabolites, and the oxidases from them can be utilized to provide gasoline cells and biosensors for CO.

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First, bacteria oxidize fuel (potentials noted in blue) and transfer these electrons to an electron carrier at a more positive potential (noted in red), thereby generating energy for the bacteria. The final power generated by an MFC is based on the current production and redox couple between the bacterial respiratory enzyme or electron shuttle and the potential at the anode, which is determined by the terminal electron acceptor in the cathode and any system losses (Marsili et al. 2008) 36 4 Biotechnological Applications of Thermophilic Carboxydotrophs Fig.

2011), metal leaching (Chen and Pan 2010), production of compatible solutes (Empadinhas and da Costa 2006), water treatment technology (Liao et al. 2010), and production of biofuels (Wiegel 1980; Henstra et al. 2007b; Koskinen et al. 2008; Shaw et al. 2008; Taylor et al. 2009; Kongjan et al. 2010; Roberts et al. 2010). , methane, acetate, butyrate, and other organic compounds (Zeikus 1983). The conversion of CO to ethanol and butanol was demonstrated for Butyribacterium methylotrophicum (Shen et al.

2006; Mathis et al. 2008). The thermophilic conditions would also lead to reduced oxygen solubility, which is beneficial considering that even trace amounts of unreacted O2 diffusing through the cathode can inhibit the anaerobic carboxydotrophic microorganisms which are highly sensitive to the presence of O2 (Daviddova et al. 1994). This section discusses thermophilic microbial communities that could be utilized in an MFC for efficient CO/syngas transformation to electricity based on the biochemical pathways discussed in the previous section and as illustrated in Fig.

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