By Richard Ellis

In elements of Korea and China, moon bears, black yet for the crescent-shaped patch of white on their chests, are captured within the wild and taken to "bear farms" the place they're imprisoned in squeeze cages, and a metal catheter is inserted into their gall bladders. The dripping bile is accrued as a remedy for illnesses starting from an disappointed belly to dermis burns. The endure may well stay so long as fifteen years during this country. Rhinos are being illegally poached for his or her horns, as are tigers for his or her bones, idea to enhance virility. Booming economies and becoming wealth in elements of Asia are expanding call for for those necessary medicinals. Already endangered species are being sacrificed for transitority remedies for nausea and erectile dysfunction.Richard Ellis, one of many world's finest specialists in flora and fauna extinction, brings his alarm to the pages of Tiger Bone & Rhino Horn, within the wish that via an publicity of this drug alternate, whatever might be performed to avoid wasting the animals such a lot direly threatened. alternate in animal elements for standard chinese language medication is a number one reason behind species endangerment in Asia, and poaching is expanding at an alarming expense. such a lot of conventional chinese language medication will depend on herbs and different vegetation, and isn't a reason for challenge. Ellis illuminates these elements of conventional drugs, yet as natural world habitats are shrinking for the hunted huge species, the placement is turning into ever extra critical.Tigers, bears, and rhinos will not be the one animals pursued for the sake of assuaging human ills--the record comprises musk deer, sharks, saiga antelope, seahorses, porcupines, monkeys, beavers, and sea lions--but the dwindling numbers of these infrequent species name us to realization. Ellis tells us what has been performed effectively, and contemplates what can and has to be performed to save lots of those animals or, unfortunately, our kids will witness the extinction of tigers, rhinos, and moon bears of their lifetime.

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From various sources, I have been able to find these additional animals eaten by the Chinese, but the list is hardly exhaustive; if an animal has four legs, wings, or even no legs at all, it can, it seems, find its way to the Asian dinner table: porcupines, silver foxes, badgers, squirrels, bamboo rats, common palm civets, spotted linsangs, wild boars, flying squirrels, flying foxes, mongooses, leopard cats, raccoon dogs, nutria, chipmunks, guinea pigs, horses, gerbils, donkeys, goats, chickens, peacocks, geese, ducks, quail, cobras, king cobras, rat snakes, water snakes, bamboo snakes, banded kraits, pythons, soft-shelled turtles, frogs, salamanders, and water monitors.

Just as a gardener uses irrigation and compost to grow robust plants, the doctor uses acupuncture and medicinals to recover and sustain health. Just as nature contains air, sea, and land, the human body is composed of Qi (pronounced “chee”), Moisture, and Blood. Qi is the animating force that gives humans the capacity to move, think, feel, and work. Moisture is the liquid medium that protects, nurtures, and lubricates tissue. Blood is the material foundation out of which bones, nerves, skin, muscles, and organs are created.

In California in the early 1900s, Steller’s sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) were killed in large numbers because fishermen complained that the sea lions were eating the fish that belonged to the fishermen, and later, in the Aleutians, pups were killed for their skins to make clothing. Most male pinnipeds (seals, sea lions, and walruses) have a baculum or penis bone, and it is not surprising to learn that these bones were ground up and the powder sold as an aphrodisiac in certain Asian countries. In The War Against the Seals, an aptly named study of North American sealing, Briton Cooper Busch discusses “trimmings,” which were composed of the genitals of bull seals, the gall bladder, and the whiskers.

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