By Vera P. Moutafchieva
Booklet via Moutafchieva, Vera P.
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Additional info for Agrarian Relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th Centuries
Many examples of such timars could be given. The village of Leshnitsa, situated in southern Albania was split up, forming parts of six separate timars, the latter consisting of parts of other villages, or whole villages. Eighteen households in the village of Leshnitsa formed the entire timar of Sati; the sipahi Karaca, whose timar consisted of the village of Sveta Paraskeva, was later granted seven households from the village of Leshnitsa. Harnza held as a timar eleven households from the village of Tornuk, and seventeen from the same village of Leshnitsa; another Harnza received as a timar part of Leshnitsa (ten households), part of the village of Krasne, in the Edime area, and one hamlet: five houses from Leshnitsa and five from Sradnishte were given to <;;apni, and finally, Aydin received fifteen households from the village of Zeliye and six from Leshnitsa.
If he had not presented himself for service in a given year, he was obliged to pay his feudal income for that year to the treasury. If the offense were repeated, he lost his right to hold a rimar, but could reclaim it if his service record were "clear" for a period of seven years. 127 Timars that became vacant were granted either by, or on the recommendation of, the beylerbey, and the following preferences were taken into account: (a) the son of a deceased rimar holder (b) a rimar candidate who lived in the same sancak.
Ry, the so-called mejkufcu. They also collected the feudal rent from those timars that had temporarily remained untenanted. liS However, practice shows that, in many cases, the local. sipahis also collected the income from village households that were not registered in their name, which led to frequent arguments between the mefkufcu and the timar holders}16 On the other hand, practice also shows that the unregistered households were frequently included in separate new timars even before the due registration had taken place}17 The Official Status of the Timar As far back as the decree that history considers to have been written by Osman I, it was stated that "he to whom a timar is granted cannot be deprived of it without a reason, while he is able [to carry out his obligations].