By Suraiya Faroqhi

Излагая методы, пользуясь которыми, для интерпретации истории Османской империи можно использовать первичные и вторичные источники, автор обращается к студентам и исследователям в этой и смежной областях и дисциплинах, чтобы облегчить знакомство с такими документами. Рассматривая как архивные, так и нарративные источники, автор объясняет, как они подготавливались, чтобы убедить читателей применять критический подход к их данным, и не считать априори, что всё зарегистрированное в официальных документах является обязательно точным или даже истинным. В то время как книга, по существу, может использоваться в качестве руководство по сложной дисциплине для начинающих исследователей, опытные тюркологи могут найти в ней много новых и провокационных интерпретаций.Образцы сканов:

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Advancing source criticism has made it obvious that even a list of taxpayers is not the unmediated reflection of an ‘objective’ reality, but the product of the assumptions, often quite unconscious, of the people who put it together (Ludden, 1989, pp. 102–14 discusses the problem on the basis of an example from Indian history). If primary sources are full of biases the extent of which we can never fully measure, the same is obviously true of present-day historiography as well. A reader of Edward Said’s work may well come away with the melancholy reflection that present-day western culture is so ingrainedly racist and full of prejudices vis-a`-vis whatever has been defined as the ‘other’, that any attempt to produce Middle Eastern history is doomed from the outset (Said, 1978).

The sheer accumulation of information which has taken place in the past years probably forms a necessary though not a sufficient precondition for the questioning of proble´matiques we are presently experiencing. People who wish to challenge the ruling paradigms now can obtain the data with which to do this, which was not usually true even twenty years ago. More importantly, changes in political climate have permitted some scholars to doubt the national state as a suitable yardstick by which to measure the performance of non-national empires, including the Ottoman.

It is quite amazing what will get transmitted from one author to another over the generations. Some errors may be just amusing, such as the story that the heads of the Ottoman religious-cum-legal hierarchy, the s¸eyhu¨lislams, if executed, were ground to death in a gigantic mortar and pestle (Majer, 1989). Others are more serious, and have much hampered research, such as the inclination to explain anything and everything by ‘Ottoman decline’ (for a challenge to this tendency, see Darling, 1996, pp.

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