By J. Davidann

This learn explores U.S-Japanese kin within the interwar interval to discover that the seeds of the Pacific warfare have been sown within the failure of cultural international relations and the expansion of at the same time adversarial photos. whereas such a lot american citizens got here to work out Japan's modernity as a façade, the japanese started to staff americans with the warlike ecu powers.

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Some of them [Japanese] deprecate such a characterization 36 C u l t u r a l D i p l o m a c y, 1 9 1 9 – 1 9 4 1 of Japan because they believe in liberalism and wish her to shape her course in accord with the principles of democracy, while others do so because they fear that the knowledge that Japan is intent on conquest may obstruct their militaristic ambitions. But whatever the reasons, it is undeniable that the majority of the Japanese are agreed in regretting that Japan is regarded as for [sic] a militaristic country in foreign lands .

He began an inspection of the most common assumptions in a chapter facetiously called “The Mysterious Oriental Mind,” published in a book called Contemporary Japan (1927). The book was written in English and intended for an American audience. As Tsurumi noted, even though the term Oriental covered the geographical space from the Middle East to East Asia, the peoples included were in fact quite different from one another and should not be lumped together. To the notion that the Japanese were inscrutable because they were quiet and did not like debate, Tsurumi patiently explained that the basis for Japanese culture was harmony.

It follows that the people of the world are both good and evil. This is self-evident. In contrast to this, the people who belong to and believe in the aims of League of Nations are exceedingly hopeful and have the root of idealism. These people believe that they will start a great change directly in the world. However, from the start, this has been connected to excessive prospects and it has not penetrated very far. Also, impatience has been encouraged by hope and so this has essentially become for the internationalist a curse.

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