By Ali Resul Usul

This e-book examines the effect of eu political conditionality at the strategy of democratization in Turkey over a twenty 12 months interval. applying theoretical and conceptual methods to the difficulty of european conditionality, the writer compares the case of Turkey to that of alternative ecu countries. Arguing that Turkey grew to become liable to the ecu conditionality whilst it utilized for club in 1987, he indicates how the political reforms demanded of Turkey weren't absolutely performed because the ecu had now not in essence approved Turkey as an professional candidate in this interval. the ecu has began to exert actual ‘active leverage’ given that Turkey was once declared an professional candidate in 1999, and the writer explores how those stipulations have exerted a good impression on democratic consolidation in Turkey. even though, its effectiveness during this regard has decreased to an important quantity because of a couple of difficulties that experience persisted to stay important in EU-Turkey relatives. This complete research of Turkey-EU political kinfolk and democratization areas the case of Turkey inside a global context. As such, will probably be of curiosity not just to these learning Turkish politics, executive and democracy, yet somebody operating within the zone of diplomacy and the ecu.

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Additional resources for Democracy in Turkey: The Impact of EU Political Conditionality (Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern Politics)

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In conclusion, as Schmitz suggests, in addition to the pressures of the INGOs on the norm-breaking states, transnational mobilization ‘diffuses norms of democratic governance across the globe and affects domestic political change’ International politics of democratic consolidation 41 (2004a: 418). However, one point that should be raised in this regard is the democratic nature of NGOs or INGOs. As discussed before, the advocacy networks or the INGOs and NGOs should encompass democratic mentality and methodology in order to exert a democratic impact on the states concerned.

Although the significance of the international realm is generally accepted by the leading scholars of the discipline, few theoretically and empirically sophisticated models, approaches, devices or tools have been designed to analyse how international variables influence domestic political development. Thus, the discipline of Comparative Politics has few, if any, analytical instruments in its conceptual tool kit to analyse and explain it. Politics students should combine Comparative Politics and International Relations, two very important sub-disciplines of Political Science, in order to analyse domestic–international interaction and democratization.

This underestimation might partly be due to the international positions of the INGOs at the time. However, the number and significance of international non-governmental organizations in the international and domestic area has been continuously on the increase. As far as democracy and human rights are concerned, parallel to the increasing saliency of the INGOs in world politics, analytical studies of how these organizations exert an impact on domestic regimes have started to increase in number. For example, the role of Amnesty International (Brysk 1993; Bouandel 1997: 69–95; Keck and Sikkink 1998: 103–10; Clark 2001) and Charter 77 in Eastern Europe during the Cold War (Chilton 1995) can be considered as good examples as far as the effect of transnational non-governmental organizations on the regime change of an authoritarian country is concerned.

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