By D. C. Des Jarlais (auth.), DDr. Norbert Loimer, Univ.-Doz. Dr. Rainer Schmid, Univ.-Prof. Dr. Alfred Springer M. D. (eds.)

AIDS and drug dependancy is a subject of serious and starting to be main issue. AIDS first seemed between intravenous drug clients in Europe in 1984, 3 years after the 1st instances have been noticeable between homosexuals. This epidemic has unfold extra quickly between intravenous drug clients than in the other possibility team. The excessive charges of HIV-1 seroprevalence between drug clients in France, Italy, and Spain account for eighty five% of the full variety of AIDS in intravenous drug clients in Europe. it truly is expected that HIV-infected drug clients will quickly position a heavy burden on either drug therapy amenities and really expert well-being care devices. The HIV-1 epidemic also will move the previous iron curtain. This contribution covers the extensive and complicated scene of drug difficulties and dependancy as a complete. It supplies researchers a chance to acquire history info at the unfold of HIV and AIDS between intravenous drug clients in addition to at the scientific and mental results of HIV-1 an infection and AIDS in Europe. the themes reviewed contain surveys of intravenous drug use, HIV incidence, detoxing, chance relief, altering wellbeing and fitness behaviors, comparing AIDS interventions and the effect of methadone upkeep therapy. This monograph may be of price to all clinicians, researchers, and coverage makers who're excited by the relationship among intravenous drug use and AIDS.

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Most of sharing occured with friends and with sexual partner, rarely with an occasionnal person. 0 people . Cleaning of material occured in about 80 %, but with plain water in a large majority; only a third of those who clean their material used antiseptics or bleach. Within the 6 last months, subjects had up to 3 sexual partners, of whom a fifth are drug addicts themselves. Around half of the partners were occasionnal partners. Homosexual partners accounted for up to 14 % of respondents. A condom was used by a third of the subjects.

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