By Margaret Gentry (auth.), Mary Crawford, Margaret Gentry (eds.)

In this quantity, gender serves as a common framework for examining the methods humans take into consideration mathematical functionality, language, self-concept, social different types, and strategies and methods of figuring out and growing wisdom. A unique team of authors indicates how numerous forces in language, relatives practices, and schooling toughen differentiation one of the intercourse roles. This quantity makes an attempt to bridge this hole among distinction and equality via revitalizing and reinterpreting the idea that of gender modifications. Gender and Thought locations learn on girls and gender on the middle of many vital parts of scholarly inquiry.

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Beliefs about how the world works were evaluated across a variety of conceptual domains involving such issues as: whether power is personal or social in nature; whether group differences may be best explained by biological or environmental factors; the value and efficacy of individual efforts to change society; and the nature of science and its impact on society (Unger, Draper, & Pendergrass, 1986). , 1986) hold more socially constructionist views than comparable others. In sum, they tended to agree with statements indicating that power is conferred by society; that differences between groups can be explained better by enyironmental than by biological 26 Rhoda K.

34 Rhoda K. L. (1975). The psychology of tokenism: An analysis. Sex Roles, 1,51-67. K. (1982). The perception of females and males: The relationship between physical attractiveness and gender. Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological AssociatIon, Baltimore. , & Winton, W. (1979). Effects of household sex composition on the salience of one's gender in the spontaneous self-concept. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 15, 77-90. Neisser, U. (1967). Cognitive psychology. New York: Appleton-Century-Croft.

It is possible that statistical deviance heightens the expectation of role deviance. Second, sex-related differences in social behaviors appear to be maximized when such behaviors are subject to public scrutiny, as compared to situations in which individuals believe that their behaviors are private 22 Rhoda K. Unger and anonymous (Eagly, Wood, & Fishbaugh, 1981; Kidder, Belletirie, & Cohn, 1977). Public behavior appears to conform to sex-stereotypic assumptions much more than does private behavior.

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