By Stig Skreslet (auth.), Stig Skreslet (eds.)

Jan Mayen is a volcanic island surrounded by means of the deep Greenland, Iceland and Norwegian Seas. There, atmospheric and oceanic procedures unharness power strength that forces very dynamic interactions among sea and air. This detailed geophysical point of interest generates climatic variability in northern Europe, and helps marine organic construction that sustains the yield of huge dwelling assets. The marine populations are in actual fact fluctuating with diversifications in weather, and increases questions on results of artificial weather switch. because the final Ice Age the sinking of Greenland Sea Deep-Water has been a considerable motive force for the worldwide Thermo-Haline movement which feeds hot Atlantic water into the Nordic Seas. international warming might have interaction with the deep-water formation and strength suggestions mechanisms that categorical themselves past mind's eye. The publication addresses such difficulties to elevate an curiosity for doing learn at the island and in its waters. The potentials for doing that raises whilst the island's Loran-C station closes down in 2005. The publication recommends how the foreign medical neighborhood may well achieve entry to this particularly demanding enviornment for neighborhood, neighborhood and worldwide learn. it's a blueprint for the logistics required for technology to reach a truly distant and bodily tough position on Earth.

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The volcanic eruption on Jan Mayen, 1970. Norsk Polarinstitutt Arbok 1970,5-18. no Abstract: The climate on Jan Mayen is Polar Marine most of the time. 8°C for the period 1921-1996, with no clear trend. 6% for 1922-1996. 7 for the 1956-1996 period. 7% of the time 1956-1996. In the period 1971-1981 the mean sea ice freezing up date was 8 January and melting date 21 April for more than 0 octas. Key words: temperature, precipitation, clouds, wind 1. no) and Jan Mayen modem history are related in that the meteorological station was established in September 1921 at the same time as the institute occupied the island.

L----'-_-L-~__" Figure 3. Front position variations at S0rbreen since Little Ice Age (from Anda et at. 1985). The Potential of the Beerenberg Glaciers for Climate Studies 3. 31 PRESENT MASS BALANCE The Norwegian Polar Institute carried out a limited mass balance program on Serbreen in the years 1972-1974 (Orheim 1976) and later a thesis work from University of Bergen (Anda, 1980) gave some additional data from 1976. l. l. in the southward facing glaciers. The study on Serbreen indicated that the winter snow accumulation varies between I-2m in water equivalents (3-6m of snow).

Detailed description is presented in Kutzbach (1970), Wallace and Gutzler (1981), Trenberth and Paolino (1981) and Thompson and Wallace (1998, 2000). Long lasting wintertime weather anomalies in Lithuania depend on large scale circulation features over the North Atlantic and Europe. Midtropospheric zonal wind fields over central and eastern North Atlantic, which strongly depend on NAO phase, are responsible for maritime air mass transportation deep into the European continent. Long term blocking episodes over North Atlantic and Western Europe are associated with negative NAO phase.

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