By Ngaire Woods, Leonardo Martinez-Diaz

Networks are thriving in worldwide politics. a few carry policy-makers from diverse international locations jointly to percentage difficulties and to forge attainable ideas, unfastened from ideas of illustration, decision-making, and transparency which constrain extra formal foreign corporations. This ebook asks no matter if constructing international locations can take advantage of such networks? Or are they more secure to behavior their diplomacy in formal associations? the reply varies. the major lies in how the community is based and what it units out to accomplish. This booklet offers a desirable account of ways a few networks have reinforced the placement of constructing state officers, either at domestic, and of their foreign negotiations. both, it issues to stipulations which make it perilous for constructing international locations to depend on networks.

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Also critical was an environment in which 12 Introduction developing-country members felt they could talk freely and challenge viewpoints without fear of negative repercussions from donors or developed countries in other forums. 4. Networks and International Organizations Our final conjecture echoes those who envision a ‘new world order’ in which international relations is carried out through networks, not formal institutions. We posit that networks will replace international organizations because they are much less resource-intensive, more flexible, and more egalitarian.

It is composed of the presidents of Nigeria, Senegal, Algeria, and South Africa. Acting informally and to a large extent independently of regional institutions, this network of Africa’s most visible heads of state was instrumental in the creation of two major initiatives to attract development financing to Africa. The network also claimed to speak for the whole continent. Bah highlights the downsides of a personality-driven network, which—while effective at building consensus and influencing opinion—lacks legitimacy and is perceived as insufficiently representative.

Unlike much of the existing literature, this study goes beyond a functionalist interpretation (networks as ‘problem-solving’ vehicles) and explicitly considers the role of power and politics in the creation and evolution of government networks. It also pays close attention to the structure, 13 Introduction practices, and formal and informal rules that shape interactions within the networks. This book draws heavily on the ‘insider accounts’ of network participants. Involving network insiders in this project was essential to gain a clear understanding of how these structures operate because government networks are highly opaque entities that produce little publicly available documentation and keep most of their proceedings confidential.

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