By Jorge G. Hirsch (editor), Danny Page (editor)

What's the Universe made up of? How outdated is it? How does a supernova explode? do we discover black holes? And the place do cosmic rays originate? This quantity presents a complete and pedagogical advent to fashionable rules and not easy difficulties in nuclear and particle astrophysics. Articles written by means of 8 prime specialists hide a wealth of interesting themes. jointly, they current the Universe as a laboratory for trying out state of the art physics. This well timed quantity effectively bridges the distance among convention court cases and really expert monographs. It presents a useful source for graduate scholars and lively researchers in nuclear and particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology.

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While testing a very wide band spectrometer for the Nobeyama radio telescope, Nakai et al. (1993) found extremely high-velocity features symmetrically offset from the systemic radial velocity by ~1000 km s" 1 . In other words, there were three distinct velocity groups of H2O maser features in NGC 4258. One set (the brighter one) was at the systemic velocity of the galaxy and the other two at ±1000 km s" 1 from the systemic velocity. These high velocity lines have not been detected previously because the spectrometers then available were not wide enough.

Beta-decay half-lives for unstable nuclei have been predicted by Takahashi, Yamada, & Kondo (1973), Klapdor, Metzinger, & Oda (1984), Takahashi & Yokoi (1987, also including temperature effects) and more recently with improved quasi particle RPA calculations (Staudt et al. 1989, 1990, Moller & Randrup 1990, Hirsch et al. 1992, Pfeiffer k Kratz 1996, Moller, Nix, & Kratz 1997, Borzov 1996, 1997). Electron and positron capture calculations have been performed by Fuller, Fowler, & Newman (1980, 1982, 1985) for a large variety of nuclei with mass numbers between A=20 and A=60.

F. k RODRIGUEZ, L. F. 1994 A Superluminal Source in the Galaxy Nature 371, 46-48. , MORAN, J. , HERRNSTEIN, J. , GREENHILL, L. , DIAMOND, P. , k INOUE, M. 1995 Evidence for a black-hole from high rotation velocities in a sub-parsec region of NGC 4258 Nature 373, 127-129. MORGAN, E. , REMILLARD, R. , k GREINER, J. 1997 RXTE Observations of QPOs in the Black Hole Candidate GRS 1915+105 The Astrophysical Journal 482, 993-1010. , k MIYOSHI, M. 1993 Extremely-high-velocity H2O maser emission in the galaxy NGC4258 Nature 361, 45-47.

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